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Lesson 50– الدَّرْسُ الْخَمْسُونَ

Verbal Nouns  - أَسْمَاءُ الأَفْعَال

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will study another type of indeclinable nouns which we discussed in Lesson 25: Declinable and Indeclinable Words, specifically in part 4.
  • We learnt that there are six types of indeclinable nouns, as follows:

Translation

Example

indeclinable nouns

I, you, he

أَنَا، أَنْتَ، هُوَ

Pronouns (Lesson 44 to lesson 48)

This, these

هَذَا، هَذِهِ، هؤلاء

Demonstrative nouns (Lesson 1, Lesson 2, Lesson 6, Lesson 7, Lesson 13, Lesson 14, Lesson 18, and Lesson 24)

What, where

ماذا، أَيْنَ

Interrogative nouns (Lesson 29)

Who

الَّذِي، الَّتِي

The conjunctive nouns (Lesson 41, lesson 42, and lesson 43)

No matter what, whenever

مَهْمَا، حَيْثُمَا

The conditional words (Lesson 49)

Hush, ah

صَهْ، آه

Verbal nouns (this lesson)

  • We will learn the meaning of the verbal noun and the difference between it and the verb in Arabic, and why we use it in Arabic.
  • We will also discuss the three types of verbal nouns, which are as follows:

Translation

Sentence

Meaning

Example

type

There is a great difference between the right and the wrong

شَتَّانَ بَيْنَ الحَقِّ والبَاطِلِ.

/shattāna bayna al-ħaqqi wal-bāŧili/

There is great different (between)

شَتَّانَ = بَعُدَ

/shattāna/ = /baξuda/

اسم فعل ماض

Noun of past verb

Fie upon you and what you say

أُفٍّ لَكُمْ، وَلِمَا تَقُولُون.

/uffin lakum wa limā taqūlūna/

Ugh, become fed up with

أُفٍّ = أَتَضَجَّرُ

/uffin/ = /atađaĵĵaru/

اِسْم فعل مضارع

Noun of present verb

O boy, keep quiet and listen to the lesson

صَهْ يا غُلامُ، وَاسْمَع الدَّرْسَ.

/ŝah yā ghulāmu wa ismaξ ad-darsa/

Hush, keep quiet

صَهْ = اُسْكُتْ

/ ŝah/ = /uskut/

اِسْم فعل أَمْر

Noun of imperative verb

  • We will also learn the rules of the sentence that includes a verbal noun as well as the rules of these nouns and how we can form a sentence with a verbal noun instead of a verb.
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