Lesson 76 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ والسَّبْعونَ

The meanings of the prepositions - معاني حروف الجر

The preposition (ξalā)– حرف الجر " عَلَى "

  • We are still in lesson seventy six of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • The original meaning of this preposition is the circumstantial meaning (on or above), as in the following structures:

Picture

English

Arabic

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The engineer went up on the roof of the building

صَعَدَ الْمُهَنْدِسُ عَلَى سَطْحِ الْبَيْتِ

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The child slept on the bed

نامَ الطِّفْلُ عَلَى السَّرِيرِ

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The student put his pen on the book

وَضَعَ الطَّالِبُ قَلَمَهُ عَلَى الكِتابِ

  • The preposition (ξalā) has other different meanings as in the following structures:  

Meaning of preposition

English

Arabic

Although (restriction)

The believer forgives although his power

يَعْفُو الْمُؤْمِنُ عَلَى قُوَّتِهِ

Although (restriction)

The vile is stingy although his richness

يَبْخَلُ الدَّنِيءُ عَلَى غِناه

Although (restriction)

The generous donates even if he is poor

يُعِطي الكَرِيمُ عَلَى فَقْرِهِ

 

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