Lesson 9 - الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ

Adjective Clause - الْمُرَكَّبُ الْوَصْفِيُّ

who - الَّذِي

  • We are still in lesson nine of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • An Arabic relative pronoun is a pronoun which refers or relates to some Arabic noun preceding it e.g., if we say:



This is Muhammad who has passed

هَـٰذَا مُحَمَّدٌ الَّذِي نَجَحَ

This is the door which is in front of the mosque

هَـٰذَا الْبَابُ الَّذِي أَمَامَ الْمَسْجِدِ

This is the cat that has sat

هَـٰذَا الْقِطُّ الَّذِي جَلَسَ

  • In the above sentences, the nouns Muhammad, door and cat are called antecedents and the words who, which and that refer to them respectively. In Arabic however all these three words (who, which and that) are represented by a single word الَّذِي



الِاسْمُ الْمَوْصُولُ

Allah who has created humans

Allâh al-ladhī khalaqa al insān

اللهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ الإِنْسَانَ.

The student who is in a school

Aŧ-ŧâlibu al-ladhī fi madrasatin

الطَّالِبُ الَّذِي فِي مَدْرَسَةٍ.





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The beautiful pen which is on a desk belongs to the teacher

الْقَلَمُ الْجَمِيلُ الَّذِي عَلَىٰ مَكْتَبٍ لِلْمُدَرِّسِ.

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The bed that is in Khalid's room is broken

السَّرِيْرُ الَّذِي فِي غُرْفَةِ خَالِدٍ مَكْسُورٌ.

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The student who is sitting is from Indonesia

الطَّالِبُ الَّذِي هُوَ جَالِسٌ مِنْ إِنْدُونِيسِيَا.

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The house which is in front of the mosque belongs to the Muadhin (person who gives the “Adhaan” - call for prayer).

الْبَيْتُ الَّذِي أمَامَ الْمَسْجِدِ لِلْمُؤَذِّنِ.

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The road that is near the school is crowded

الطَّرِيقُ الَّذِي عِنْدَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ مُزْدَحِمٌ.