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Lesson 21 - اَلدَّرْسُ الْحَادِي وَالْعِشْرُون

Introduction –مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • This is lesson twenty one of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this lesson we will learn the following In-Shā’-Allâh (God-willing):
    • We will learn about the words which do not have tanwīn i.e.: double Vowel sign in any case. These types of words are called Diptotes in English and اَلْمَمْنُوعُ مِنَ الصَّرْفِ in Arabic.  There are many reasons that will cause a word to fall under the classification of a diptote. Examples are listed below along with their reason for falling under this classification: 

English

Reason for not having Tanwīn

Arabic

Fatima (name)

Feminine Proper nouns do not have Tanwīn

فَاطِمَةُ

Hasnaa (name)

Feminine Proper nouns do not have Tanwīn

حَسْنَاءُ

Hamda (name)

Feminine Proper nouns do not have Tanwīn

حَمْدَى

Hamza (name)

Masculine Proper nouns ending in "Tā’ Marbūŧah" do not have Tanwīn

حَمْزَةُ

Anwar (name)

Masculine Proper nouns on pattern of أَفْعَلُ do not have Tanwīn

أَنْوَرُ

Black

Adjectives on the pattern of أَفْعَلُ do not have Tanwīn

أَسْوَدُ

Thirsty

Adjectives on the pattern of فَعْلاَنُ do not have Tanwīn

عَطْشَانُ

Pakistan

Non-Arabic Proper nouns do not have Tanwīn

بَاكِسْتَانُ

    • Some of the patterns of Broken Plurals do not have Tanwīn e.g.:

English

Pattern of Broken Plural:

Arabic

Doctors

أَفْعِلاءُ

أَطِبَّاءُ

Agents

فُعَلاءُ

وُكَلاءُ

Mosques

مَفَاعِلُ

مَسَاجِدُ

Keys

مَفَاعِيلُ

مَفَاتِيحُ