Lesson 36 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ وَالثَّلاثُونَ

Declension of the Present Verb – إِعْرَابُ الفِعْلِ المُضِارِعِ

Present verb in the Rafξ  case

  • We are still in lesson thirty six of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • Study the Arabic verbs in the following examples. All verbs are present and at the Rafξ  رَفْعٌ case:




The student likes his teacher so much

Yuhibb-u al-ŧâlibu ustādhah-u kathīran

يُحِبُّ الطَّالِبُ أُسْتَاذَهُ كَثِيرًا.

As he teaches him all that he knows

Fahuwa yuξallim-u-hu kulla mā ξindahu min al-khibrah

فَهُوَ يُعَلِّمُهُ كُلَّ مَا عِنْدَهُ مِنَ الْخِبْرَةِ.

And does not conceal any information from him

Wa la yabkhal-u ξalayhi bi’ayyati  maξlūmatin

وَلا يَبْخَلُ عَلَيْهِ بِأَيَّةِ مَعْلُومَةٍ.

And does not get upset about his frequent inquiries

Wa la yaghdab-u min kathrati as'ilatihi

وَلا يَغْضَبُ مِنْ كَثْرَةِ أَسْئلَتِهِ.

But he feels happy at these questions

Bal yakūn-u saξīdan bihādhihi l-as’ilati

بَلْ يَكُونُ سَعِيدًا بِهَذِه الأَسْئِلَةِ.

So the student respects his teacher

Wa lihādhā yahtarim-u al-tālibu ustadhahu

وَلِهَذَا يَحْتَرِمُ الطَّالِبُ أُسْتاذَهُ.

And obeys him and does not oppose any demand

Wa yutīξ-u-hu wa la yarfud-u lahu talaban

وَيُطِيعُهُ وَلا يَرْفُضُ لَهُ طَلَبًا.

  • Looking at these examples, we find that all the verbs are present and at the Rafξ  رَفْعٌ case, i.e. the case-ending of the last letter is Đammah ضَمَّةٌ (ـُـ), which is pronounced /-u/. The present verb is originally in the Rafξ  case unless it is preceded by Naŝb or Ĵazm particles.
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, blog posts, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.