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Lesson 29 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ زَمَن الفِعْل  (الماضي ،وَالْمُضارِع ،والمُسْتَقْبَل)

Introduction – مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In previous lessons we have already learnt that there are three tenses (relating to time) in Arabic, namely the past, present and future الماضي وَالْمُضارع والمستقبل . We will discuss ways for expressing these tenses using the appropriate verb forms.  We have already covered some of this in detail, so some parts of this lesson are for revision and to help you apply what you have already learnt and compare the different tenses.


Verb & sentence

Tense lesson image

اِلْتَحَقَ أخي بالجامعة

My brother joined the university

Past  الماضي lesson image

تَعْمَلُ أُمِّي مُوَظَّفَةً في الشَّرِكَةِ

My mother works as an employee in a company

Present المُضارِع lesson image

سَيُسافِرُ أبي غداً إلي باكستان

My father will travel to Pakistan tomorrow

Future المُستقبل lesson image

سَوْف أَحُجُّ في العامِ القادِمِ

I will go on pilgrimage next year

  • In this lesson we will discuss:
    • How the verb form changes from past to present and future
    • The words that indicate the type of the verb tense, such as the following words:









Before ….

قَبْلَ   ........

After ….

بَعْدَ ........


  • We will also discuss the usage of the present tense to indicate future and past, as in the following examples: