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Lesson 29 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ

Tenses of the Verb (Past, Present and Future)- زَمَن الفِعْل  (الماضي ،وَالْمُضارِع ،والمُسْتَقْبَل)

Introduction – مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In previous lessons we have already learnt that there are three tenses (relating to time) in Arabic, namely the past, present and future الماضي وَالْمُضارع والمستقبل . We will discuss ways for expressing these tenses using the appropriate verb forms.  We have already covered some of this in detail, so some parts of this lesson are for revision and to help you apply what you have already learnt and compare the different tenses.

Picture

Verb & sentence

Tense

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اِلْتَحَقَ أخي بالجامعة

My brother joined the university

Past  الماضي

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تَعْمَلُ أُمِّي مُوَظَّفَةً في الشَّرِكَةِ

My mother works as an employee in a company

Present المُضارِع

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سَيُسافِرُ أبي غداً إلي باكستان

My father will travel to Pakistan tomorrow

Future المُستقبل

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سَوْف أَحُجُّ في العامِ القادِمِ

I will go on pilgrimage next year

  • In this lesson we will discuss:
    • How the verb form changes from past to present and future
    • The words that indicate the type of the verb tense, such as the following words:

Translation

Word

Tomorrow

غداً

Yesterday

أمسِ

Today

اليوم

Before ….

قَبْلَ   ........

After ….

بَعْدَ ........

 

  • We will also discuss the usage of the present tense to indicate future and past, as in the following examples:

 

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