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Lesson 18 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّامِنَ عَشَرَ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will learn the following In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing):
    • The dual form (الْمُثَنَّى) of the Arabic Nouns - i.e. the form that relates to two of something.   This is very important within the Arabic language and is used frequently.

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Sing. / Dual / Plural

Masc. / Fem.

The teacher (Singular)

/Al Mudarrisu/

الْمُدَرِّسُ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

(Masc.)

Two teachers (Dual)

/Al Mudarrisāni/

الْمُدَرِّسَانِ

الْمُثَنَّى

The teachers (Plural)

/Al Mudarrisūna/

الْمُدَرِّسُونَ

الْجَمْعُ

The teacher (Singular)

/Al Mudarrisatu/

الْمُدَرِّسَةُ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

(Fem.)

Two teachers (Dual)

/Al Mudarrisatāni/

الْمُدَرِّسَتَانِ

الْمُثَنَّى

The teachers (Plural)

/Al Mudarrisātu/

الْمُدَرِّسَاتُ

الْجَمْعُ

    • We will also learn the dual form of the Demonstrative Pronouns for the near objects for both the masculine and the feminine objects (i.e. these and those):

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Sing. / Dual / Plural

Masc. / Fem.

This (masculine)

/Hādhā/

هَذَا

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

These (two)

/Hādhāni/

هَذَانِ

الْمُثَنَّى

These (all)

/Hā’ulā’i/

هَؤُلاءِ

الْجَمْعُ

This (feminine)

/Hādhihi/

هَذِهِ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

These (two)

/Hātāni/

هَاتَانِ

الْمُثَنَّى

These all

/Hā’ulā’i/

هَؤُلاءِ

الْجَمْعُ

    • And we will learn the Dual form of the Personal Pronouns for the third person:

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Sing. / Dual / Plural

Masc. / Fem.

He

/Howa/

هُوَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

They (two)

/Humā/

هُمَا

الْمُثَنَّى

They all

/Hum/

هُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

She

/Hiya/

هِيَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

They (two)

/Humā/

هُمَا

الْمُثَنَّى

They all

/Hunna/

هُنَّ

الْجَمْعُ

    • We will also learn a new interrogative Article in this lesson In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing):

English

Arabic

How many?

كَمْ؟