Lesson 89 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والثَّمانون

The conditional sentence - أَسالِيبُ التَّحِيَّةِ، والاِعْتِذارِ

The Style of Apology – أُسْلوب الاِعْتِذَار

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  • The Arabic apology style consists of the expressions which someone can use to show that he is sorry about something that he has done or said (being so late, causing troubles etc.)
  • In Arabic, there are many structures to express apology. There are verbal affirmative structures as (أَعْتَذِرُ I apologize), a verbal imperative structure as (سامِحْنِي forgive me)verbal noun structures as (عَفْوًا - مَعْذِرَةً), and nominal sentences as (أنا آسِف I am sorry).
  • Following are some dialogues that contain situations of apology:

(1)

Dialogue

English

Arabic

Speaker

Peace be upon you, Ammar!

السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُم يا عَمَّار

ياسِر

And upon you be peace, Yasser! Welcome!

وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّلامُ، أَهْلاً وسهْلاً يا ياسِر.

عَمَّار

Sorry, my friend!

عَـفْوًا يا صَدِيقِي

ياسِر

What is the problem, Yasser?

ما الْمُشْكِلَةُ يا ياسِر؟

عَمَّار

I cannot come at seven

لَنْ أَسْتَطِيعَ الْحُضُورَ فِي السَّاعَةِ السَّابِعَةِ

ياسِر

No problem, my friend. When will you come?

لا مَشْكِلةَ يا صَدِيقِي، مَتَى سَتَحْضُرُ؟

عَمَّار

I will come at nine

سَأَحْضُرُ السَّاعَةَ التَّاسِعَةَ

ياسِر

No problem, I will wait for you at that time

لا مُشْكِلَة، سَأَنْتَظِرُكَ فِي هذا الْوَقْتِ.

عَمَّار

Sorry again, my friend

عَفْوًا ياصَدِيقِي مَرَّةً أُخْرَى.

ياسِر

No problem, my friend, good bye!

لا مشكلة يا صَدِيقِي...مَعَ السَّلامَة

عَمَّار

Good bye!

مَعَ السَّلامَة

ياسِر

(2)

Dialogue

English

Arabic

Speaker

Good morning, sir!

صَباحُ الْخَيْرِ ياسَيِّدِي

المُوظف

Good morning, Ibrahim!

صَباحُ النُّور يا إِبْرَاهِيم

المدير

Sorry sir!

مَعْذِرَةً يا سَيِّدِي

المُوظف

What is the problem, Ibrahim?

ما المُشْكِلَةُ يا إِبْرَاهِيم؟

المدير

I am very tired today

أنا مُتْعَبٌ جِدًّا الْيَوْمَ

المُوظف

How do you feel?

بِمَ تَشْعُرُ؟

المدير

I feel a strong pain in my stomach

أَشْعُرُ بِأَلَمٍ شَدِيدٍ فِي بَطْنِي

المُوظف

Right, I will accept your excuse, but you have to come tomorrow

حَسَنًا، سَأَقْبَلُ اِعْتِذَارَكَ، ولكن يَجِبُ أَنْ تَحْضُرَ غَدًا

المدير

God willing, thank you, peace be upon you!

إن شاء الله...شُكْرًا لَكَ...السلام عليكم

المُوظف

(3)

Dialogue

English

Arabic

Speaker

I would like to apologize to you

أُرِيدُ أنْ أُقَدِّمَ اِعْتِذَارِي لَكَ

خالِد

Apologize for what?

عَنْ أَيِّ شَيْءٍ تَعْتَذِرُ؟

سَعِيد

I apologize that I cannot come to your wedding

أَعْتَذِرُ عَنْ حُضُورِ حَفْلِ زِفافِكَ؟

خالِد

Why? What happened?

لِماذا؟ ماذا حَدَثَ

سَعِيد

My father has suddenly fallen ill, and I have to be with him 

مَرِضَ والِدِي فَجْأَةً، وَعَلَيَّ أَنْ أَجْلِسَ مَعَهُ

خالِد

My Allah cure him

شَفاهُ اللهُ

سَعِيد

(4)

Dialogue

English

Arabic

Speaker

Why do you work all this time?

لِماذا تَعْمَلُ كُلَّ هذا الْوَقْتِ؟

إبراهيم

To apologize to my father for the years of laziness

مَعْذِرَةً إلَى أَبِي عَنْ سَنَواتِ الْكَسَلِ

عِيسَى

Did your father asked you to do that?

وَهَلْ طَلَبَ أَبُوكَ مِنْكَ ذَلِكَ؟

إبراهيم

No, but I would like that he forgives me for what was in the past

لا، وَلَكِنْ أُرِيدُ أَنْ يُسَامِحَنِي عَلى ما مَضَى

عِيسَى

This is good, my Allah help you

هَذَا شَيءٌ طَيِّبٌ، أَعانَكَ اللهُ

إبراهيم

 

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