Lesson 24 – الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعُ وَالْعِشْرُونَ

Noun and its Types (continued...) - الاسْمُ وَأَنْوَاعُهُ

Relative Pronouns - الاسْمَاءُ الْمَوْصُولَةُ

  • Let's Continue to learn Arabic through our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course contains Arabic grammar, Arabic syntax, Arabic morphology and more.
  • In this part of lesson we will learn all the Relative Pronouns i.e., singular, dual and plural for masculine as well as feminine objects, In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). 
  • In the previous sections we have already defined the Relative Pronoun as “A Pronoun which refers or relates to some noun preceding it ".
  • In Arabic language there are different Relative Pronouns for the singular, dual and plural objects which are illustrated below:

 

English

Transliteration

Gender/Number

Arabic

Relative

Nouns

Who/That

Al-Ladhī

Masculine/Singular

الَّذِي

الأَسْمَاء الْمَوْصُولة

Al-Latī

Feminine/Singular

الَّتِي

Those two/Who (dual)

Al-Ladhāni

Masculine/Dual

الَّذَانِ

Al-Latāni

Feminine/Dual

اللَّتَانِ

Those all/Who all

Al-ladhīna

Masculine/ Plural

الَّذِينَ

Al-Lā’ī

Feminine/Plural

اللائِي

  • Let’s review some examples to understand this rule:

Picture

Translation

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

He is the owner of the house who went out of the house.

هُوَ مَالِكُ الْمَنْزِلِ الَّذِي خَرَجَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ.

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This is the student who won the prize

هَذِهِ الطَّالبةُ الَّتِي حَصَلَتْ عَلَى الْجَائِزَةَ.

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They are the two students who work hard in the class

هُمَا الزَّمِيلاَنِ اللَّذَانِ يَجْتَهِدَانِ فِي الْفَصْلِ.

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They are those who cheat in the exam

هُمُ الَّذِيْنَ يَغُشُّونَ فِي الامْتِحَانِ.

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These are the two students (female) who are hard working

هَاتَانِ الطَّالِبَتَانِ اللَّتَانِ هُمَا مُجْتَهِدَتَانِ.





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