Lesson 41 – الدَّرْس الحادي والأرْبَعُونَ

Interrogative (questioning) Articles (1 of 3) – أدَوَات الاسْتِفْهام (١ من ٣)

The Interrogative (questioning) noun ما /mā/

  • Let's Continue to learn Arabic through our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course contains Arabic grammar, Arabic syntax, Arabic morphology and more.
  • Mā (مَا) is an Arabic Interrogative (questioning) noun with a sukūn case-ending.
  • The usage of /mā/ (مَا) is similar to /man/ مَنْ, but the only difference is that it is used to ask about inanimate, singular, dual or plural (masculine and feminine). Study the following examples:

Translation

Answer

Translation

Question

Number/gender

This is an elephant.

هَذا فِيلٌ.

/Hādhā fīlun./

What is this?

مَا هَذا؟

/Mā hādhā?/

Singular masculine

Its price is one thousand dollars.

ثَمَنُهَا أَلْفُ دُولارٍ.

/thamanuhā alf-u dulārin/

What is the price of the car?

مَا ثَمَنُ السَّيَّارَة؟

/Mā thaman-u as-sayyāra-ti?/

This is a plane.

هَذِهِ طَائِرَة.

/Hādhihī ŧā’iratun./

What is this?

مَا هَذِهِ؟

/Mā hādhihī?/

Singular, feminine

These are the two science books.

هَذانِ كِتابا العُلُومِ.

/hādhān-i kitābān-i al-ulūm-i/

What are these two books?

مَا هَذان الكِتابانِ؟

/Mā hādhān-i al-kitābān-i?/

Dual, masculine

These are the two Kuwaiti planes.

هَاتَانِ طَائِرَتا الكُوَيْتِ.

/hātān-i ŧâ’iratā al-kuwayt-i./

What are these two planes?

مَا هَاتَانِ الطَّائِرَتانِ؟

/Mā hātāni aŧ-ŧâ’iratān-i?/

Dual feminine

These are the doors of my new flat.

هَذَهِ أَبْوَابُ شَقَّتِي الجَدِيدَة.

/hādhihi abwābu shaqqati-ya al-ĵadīda./

What are these doors?

ما هَذَهَ الأبْوابُ؟

Mā hādhihi al-abwāb-u?/

Plural masculine

These are the drawing tools.

هَذِهِ أَدوَات الرَّسْمِ.

/hādhihi adawātu ar-rasm-i/

What are these things?

مَا هَذِهِ الأشْيَاءُ؟

/Mā hādhihi al-ashyā-‘u?/

Plural feminine

  • In the last example, we used the demonstrative noun hādhihi before the inanimate plural as any inanimate plural is handled like a feminine singular, as in the following examples:

Translation

Transliteration

Example

These are pens.

Hādhihi aqlām-un

هَذِهِ أَقْلامٌ.

These are doors.

Hādhihi abwāb-un

 

هَذِهِ أَبْوَابٌ.

These are watches.

Hādhihi sāξāt-un

هَذِهِ سَاعَاتٌ.





Facebook share Madinah Arabic Twitter tweet Madinah Arabic LinkedIn Madinah Arabic Reddit Madinah Arabic Email Madinah Arabic





Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.