Lesson 37 – الدَّرْسُ السَّابِعُ وَالثَّلاثُونَ

Declension of the Five Verbs – إعْرابُ الأَفْعالِ الخَمْسَةِ

The Naŝb of the Five Verbs

  • We are still in lesson thirty seven of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.

أَنْ يَنَامَ

أَنْ نَخْرُجَ

لَنْ يَنْتَصِرَ

لَنْ يَضِيعَ

Verb

an yanām-a

an nakhruĵ-a

lan yantaŝir-a

lan yađhīξ-a

Transliteration

to sleep

to get out

will not win

will not be lost

Meaning

  • What about the Naŝb case with the Five Verbs. Consider the following examples:

Translation

Examples

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: " You will not enter Paradise until you believe and you will not believe until you love one another"

قال رَسُولُ اللَّهِ - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم: "لَنْ تَدْخُلُوا الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُؤمِنُوا، وَلَنْ تُؤمِنَوا حَتَّى تَحَابُّوا، أَوَلا أَدُلَّكُمْ عَلَى شَيْءٍ إِذَا فَعْلْتُمُوهُ تَحَابَبْتُمْ؛ أَفْشُوا السَّلامَ بَيْنَكُمْ"

Allah (Exalted be He) says: "By no means shall you attain to righteousness until you spend (benevolently) out of what you love"

قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالى:"لَنْ تَنَالُوا الْبِرَّ حَتَّى تُنْفِقُوا مِمَّا تُحِبُّونَ"

Muslims should propagate the sound teachings of Islam

يَجِبُ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ أَنْ يَنْشُروُا تَعالِيمَ الإسْلامِ الصَّحِيحَةَ.

They should inform people of its truth

وَأنْ يُخْبِرُوا النَّاسَ بِحَقِيقَتِهِ.

They should teach people its moderateness

وَأنْ يُعَلِّموُا النَّاسَ أيْضًا وَسَطِيَّتِهِ.

  • Notice the following verbs that are stated in the above examples:

تَنالُوا

تُؤْمِنُوا

تَدْخُلُوا

Verb

tanāl-ū

tu'min-ū

tadkhul-ū

Transliteration

attain

believe

enter

Meaning

 

تُنْفِقُوا

تَحَابُّوا

تُؤمِنُوا

Verb

tunfiq-ū

taħābb-ū

tu'min-ū

Transliteration

spend

love one another

believe

Meaning

  • These verbs are from the Five Verbs. The Nūn نُون ["N" letter] is omitted because the verbs are in the Nasb نَصْب case. The Nasb particle here is the article حَتَّى (ħattā).
Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, blog posts, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.