Lesson 35– الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسُ وَالثَّلاثُونَ

The Five Verbs – الأَفْعَالُ الخَمْسَةُ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • This is lesson thirty five of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.

Translation

Examples

Pronoun

Person/plurality/gender

They go shopping and buy fruits and vegetables

يَذْهَبُونَ إلَى السُّوقِ، وَيَشْتَرُون الفَاكِهةَ والخَضْرَاوَاتِ.

هُمْ

hum

They

جَمْعُ الْمُذَكَّرِ

3rd person, plural, masculine

You love the good and hate evil

أَنْتُمْ تُحِبُّون الْخَيْرَ، وَتَكْرَهُونَ الشَّرَّ.

أَنْتُمْ

antum

You

جَمْعُ الْمُخَاطَبِ الْمُذَكَّرُ

2nd person, plural, masculine

Both students live in one flat

الطَّالِبَانِ يَسْكُنَانِ فِي شَقَّةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ.

هُمَا

humā

They both

الْمُثَنَّى الْمُذَكَّرُ

3rd person, dual, masculine

You both are students who study much

أنْتُمَا طَالِبانِ تَدْرُسَانِ كَثِيرًا

أَنْتُمَا

antumā

You both

الْمُثَنَّى الْمُخَاطَبُ الْمُذَكَّرُ

2nd person, dual, masculine

You sleep much, Fatima

أنْتِ تَنَامِينَ كَثِيرًا يَا فَاطِمَةُ

أَنْتِ

anti

You

الْمُفْرَدَةُ الْمُخَاطَبَةُ

2nd person, singular, feminine

  • In this lesson, we will study the five verbs. Here we should know what the five verbs are, and why they are called the five verbs. We will know the answer after we consider the following examples. Try to guess why these verbs are called the five verbs.
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