Lesson 19 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعَ عَشَرَ

Number phrase (from 3 to 10) - الْمُرَكَّبُ الْعَدَدِيُّ (مِنْ ثَلاثَةٍ إِلَى عَشَرَةٍ)

  • We are still in lesson nineteen of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this part of the lesson we will learn the Arabic numbers from 3 to 10 and the rules relating to their use, In-Shā’-Allâh (God Willing).
  • In Arabic language, for the numbers 3 to 10, the following rules are applied:
    • The number always precedes the noun, i.e., the noun always appears after the number, e.g., ثَلاثَةُ أَقْلامٍ meaning "Three pens"
    • The noun should always be in plural form whereas the number always appear in singular form, e.g., أَرْبَعَةُ جُنُودٍ meaning "Four soldiers"
    • The number will take different cases according to the situation, but the noun will always take the genitive case, i.e.,  سَبْعَةُ أيَّامٍ meaning "Seven days"
    • The noun is mostly indefinite, and hence it takes the double /kasrah/ e.g., عَشَرَةُ أَشْخَاصٍ meaning "Ten people"
    • The number of the masculine noun is always feminine with a /tā’ marbūŧah/ as the last letter  i.e., whenever there is a masculine noun, the number for that noun should always be in feminine form e.g., خَمْسَةُ رِجَالٍ meaning "5 men".
  • Let us cover some examples for a better understanding of the rule:




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In the house, there are three boys.

فِي الْبَيْتِ ثَلاثَةُ أَوْلادٍ.

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Ahmad sat with six teachers

جَلَسَ أَحْمَدُ مَعَ سِتَّةِ مُدَرِّسِينَ.

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Wajid ate nine grapes

أَكَلَ وَاجِدٌ تِسْعَةَ أَعْنَابٍ.

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Khalida visited eight countries

زَارَتْ خَالِدَةُ ثَمَانِيَةَ بِلاَدٍ.

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Nasir opened four doors

فَتَحَ نَاصِرٌ أَرْبَعَةَ أَبْوَابٍ.

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In my bag there are five pens

فِي حَقِيبَتِي خَمْسَةُ أَقْلامٍ.