Lesson 10 -الدَّرْسُ الْعَاشِرُ

The Arabic verb with the pronouns – الْفِعْلُ مَعَ الضَّمائِرِ

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  • In this lesson we will learn about the form of Arabic verb when attached with the pronouns In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). We have already learnt two simple verbs in (Lesson No. 4 section 12) which are:
  • Let’s see the form of the verb when it is attached to different pronouns:

English

New form of verb

Pronoun Added

Simple Verb

You went (masculine)

ذَهَبْتَ

You (masculine)

أَنْتَ

ذَهَبَ

You went (feminine)

ذَهَبْتِ

You (feminine)

أَنْتِ

He went

ذَهَبَ

He

هُوَ

She went

ذَهَبَتْ

She

هِيَ

I went

ذَهَبْتُ

I

أَنَا

We went

ذَهَبْنَا

We

نَحْنُ

You went out (masculine)

خَرَجْتَ

You (masculine)

أَنْتَ

خَرَجَ

You went out (feminine)

خَرَجْتِ

You (feminine)

أَنْتِ

He went out

خَرَجَ

He

هُوَ

She went out

خَرَجَتْ

She

هِيَ

I went out

خَرَجْتُ

I

أَنَا

We went out

خَرَجْنَا

We

نَحْنُ

  • Let’s take some more examples to understand the rule more clearly:

Picture

English

Arabic

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Ahmad went to Iraq.

ذَهَبَ أَحْمَدُ إِلَى الْعِرَاقِ.

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Amina went out of the classroom.

خَرَجَتْ آمِنَةُ مِنَ الْفَصْلِ.

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Where did you go O Ayesha?

أَيْنَ ذَهَبْتِ يَا عَائِشَةُ؟

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Why did you go out of the mosque?

لِمَاذَا خَرَجْتَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ؟

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Did Bilquees go to the kitchen?

أَذَهَبَتْ بِلْقِيسُ إِلَى الْمَطْبَخِ؟

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I went to the hospital.

ذَهَبْتُ إِلَى الْمُسْتَشْفَىٰ.

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We went out of the university.

خَرَجْنَا مِنَ الْجَامِعَةِ





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