Lesson 15 - الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسَ عَشَرَ

Continued

  • We are still in lesson fifteen of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this part of the lesson we will learn the conversion of a singular past form of the verb to the plural verb In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). In English the Past form of the verb does not change in plural form.  For example, "I walked to the park" becomes "We walked to the park".  However, In Arabic different letters are added at the end of the original verb and sometimes even the vowel ending is also changed to change a verb into the plural form. In this part we will only learn to change a singular verb for "you" to the plural verb.
  • For the past tense of a verb i.e., اَلْفِعْلُ الْمَاضِي the following rules are applied

English

اَلْفِعْلُ الْمَاضِي

You (singular) went

أَنْتَ ذَهَبْتَ

اَلْمُفْرَدُ

Singular

You (plural) went

أَنْتُمْ ذَهَبْتُمْ

اَلْجَمْعُ

Plural

  • When a singular (masculine) verb is changed to a plural the vowel ending /fatħah/ is replaced with a /đammah/ on the letter تَ and a letter /meem/ with a /sukūn/  on it is added as the last letter so ذَهَبْتَ will be changed to ذَهَبْتُمْ.

English

Arabic Sentence

Gender of Verb

You (singular) went to the house

أَنْتَ ذَهَبْتَ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ.

اَلْمُفْرَدُ

You (plural) went to the house

أَنْتُمْ ذَهَبْتُمْ إِلَى الْبَيْتِ.

اَلْجَمْعُ

You went out of the class

خَرَجْتَ مِنَ الْفَصْلِ.

اَلْمُفْرَدُ

You (plural) went out of the class

خَرَجْتُمْ مِنَ الْفَصْلِ.

اَلْجَمْعُ

Oh boy! You sat on a chair

يَا وَلَدُ! جَلَسْتَ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ.

اَلْمُفْرَدُ

Oh boys! You (plural) sat on a chair

يَا أَوْلاَدُ! جَلَسْتُمْ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ.

اَلْجَمْعُ





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