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Lesson 14 - الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ

Introduction –مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will learn the following things In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing):
    • The plural form of "That" (demonstrative pronoun) for the masculine as well as the feminine nouns.

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular / Plural (Arabic)

Masculine / Feminine (Arabic)

Grammatical Term

That (masculine)

/Dhālika/

ذَلِكَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

أَسْمَاءُ الإِشَارَةِ الْبَعِيدَةِ

Those

/ulā’ika/

أُولَـٰئِكَ

الْجَمْعُ

That (feminine)

/Tilka/

تِلْكَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

Those

/ulā’ika/

أُولَـٰئِكَ

الْجَمْعُ

    • We will learn the plural form of the Personal Pronouns for the masculine as well as the feminine nouns

Example

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular / Plural (Arabic)

Masculine / Feminine (Arabic)

هُوَ طَوِيلٌ

(He is tall)

He

/Huwa/

هُوَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

هُمْ طِوَالٌ

(They are tall)

They

/Hum/

هُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

بَيْتُهُ

(His house)

His

/Hu/

ـهُ

الْمُفْرَدُ

بَيْتُهُمْ

(Their house)

Their

/Hum/

ـهُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

هِيَ مَرِيضَةٌ

(She is ill)

She

/Hiya/

هِيَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

هُنَّ مَرِيضَاتٌ

(They are ill)

They

/Hunna/

هُنَّ

الْجَمْعُ

كِتَابُهَا

(Her book)

Her

/Ha/

ـهَا

الْمُفْرَدُ

كِتَابُهُنَّ

(Their book)

Their

/Hunna/

هُنَّ

الْجَمْعُ

    • The plural form of the simple masculine as well as feminine verbs:

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular / Plural (Arabic)

Masculine / Feminine (Arabic)

He went

/Dhahaba/

ذَهَبَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

They went
(masc. plural)

/Dhahabu/

ذَهَبُوا

الْجَمْعُ

She went

/Dhahabat/

ذَهَبَتْ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

They went (fem. plural)

/Dhahabna/

ذَهَبْنَ

الْجَمْعُ

    • We will learn the use of a new word:

English

Arabic

Some

بَعْضُ

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