Lesson 15 - الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسَ عَشَرَ

Introduction –مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In this lesson we will learn the following principles, In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing):
    • We will learn the plural form of the Personal and Possessive Pronouns (i.e. You / Your) referring to the masculine nouns.

Example

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular/

Plural (Arabic)

Masculine (Arabic)

Grammatical Term

أَنْتَ وَلَدٌ

You are a boy

You (Singular)

/Anta/

أَنْتَ

اَلْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

الضَّمِيرُ الْمُنْفَصِلُ
(Detached Pronoun - e.g. You are Tall)

أَنْتُمْ أَوْلادٌ

You are boys

You (Plural)

/Antum/

أَنْتُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

كِتَابُكَ

Your book

Your (Singular)

/Ka/

كَ

الْمُفْردُ

الضَّمِيرُ الْمُتَّصِلُ
(Possessive Attached Pronoun - e.g. Your House)

كِتَابُكُمْ

Your (pl) book

Your (Plural)

/Kum/

كُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

    • The plural form of the simple masculine verbs connected to the pronoun:

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular/

Plural (Arabic)

Masculine (Arabic)

You went

/Dhahabta/

ذَهَبْتَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

You all went

/Dhahabtum/

ذَهَبْتُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

    • We will also learn the use of a new word:

Examples

Categories

أَيُّ

Which (Used as Muđâf)

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