Lesson 16 - الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسَ عَشَرَ


  • We are still in lesson sixteen of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this part of the lesson, we will learn the conversion of a singular verb to the plural verb In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). We have already covered that in Arabic different letters are added at the end of the original verb and sometimes even the vowel ending is changed. In this part we will only learn to change a singular verb for "you" to the plural verb.
  • For the past tense of a (feminine) verb i.e., الْفِعْلُ الْمَاضِي the following rules are applied


الْفِعْلُ الْمَاضِي

You (singular) went

أَنْتِ ذَهَبْتِ.



You (all) went

أَنْتُنَّ ذَهَبْتُنَّ.



  • When a singular (feminine) verb is changed to a plural the vowel ending /kasrah/ is replaced with a /đammah/ on the letter تِ and a letter noon with a /shaddah/ and /fatħah/ on it is added as the last letter so ذَهَبْتِ will be changed to ذَهَبْتُنَّ.


Arabic Sentence

Gender of Verb

You (singular) went from the school

أَنْتِ ذَهَبْتِ مِنَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ.


You (all) went from the school

أَنْتُنَّ ذَهَبْتُنَّ مِنَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ.


You went out of the room

خَرَجْتِ مِنَ الْغُرْفَةِ.


You (all) went out of the room

خَرَجْتُنَّ مِنَ الْغُرْفَةِ.


Oh girl! You sat on a chair

يَا بِنْتُ، جَلَسْتِ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ.


Oh girls! You (all) sat on a chair

يَا بَنَاتُ، جَلَسْتُنَّ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ.


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