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Lesson 16 - الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسَ عَشَرَ

Adverbial Time Object - ظَرْفُ زَمَانٍ

  • Let's Continue to learn Arabic through our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course contains Arabic grammar, Arabic syntax, Arabic morphology and more.
  • In this part of the lesson we will learn a new Arabic grammatical term, In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). We will learn about the form of an Arabic noun which indicates the time when an action has occurred. This type of nouns is called the "Adverbial Time Object - ظَرْفُ زَمَانٍ" or "The object of time – الْمَفْعُولُ فِيهِ ". In this part of the lesson we will learn about the vowel ending of these words as well as the words following them, In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). There are different nouns used as Adverbial Time Objects and we will learn two of them in this part of the lesson which are:







  • These nouns are a type of Object; therefore they always take the accusative case with a /fatħah/. However they work as /Muđâf/ (possessed) therefore the nouns following them will take the genitive case e.g.:



I entered the house after the prayer

دَخَلْتُ الْبَيْتَ بَعْدَ الصَّلاةِ.

I went to the school before Ahmad

ذَهَبْتُ إِلَى الْمَدْرَسَةِ قَبْلَ أَحْمَدَ.

  • Let’s take some more examples to understand this rule:



Arabic lesson image

Muhammad entered into the room after a prayer.

دَخَلَ مُحَمَّدٌ الْغُرْفَةَ بَعْدَ صَلاةٍ. lesson image

Ayesha went to the university before the lesson.

ذَهَبَتْ عَائِشَةُ إِلَى الْجَامِعَةِ قَبْلَ الدَّرْسِ. lesson image

They (fem.) wrote the story after one week.

هُنَّ كَتَبْنَ الْقِصَّةَ بَعْدَ أُسْبُوعٍ. lesson image

I went to hospital a month ago.

ذَهَبْتُ إِلَى الْمُسْتَشْفَى قَبْلَ شَهْرٍ.