Lesson 20 -اَلدَّرْسُ الْعِشْرُونَ

Number phrase - اَلْمُرَكَّبُ الْعَدَدِيُّ

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  • In this section, we will learn the use of the first two numbers in Arabic, In-Shā’-Allâh (God Willing) relating to feminine /Ma'dood/.   To recap the rules we learnt in the previous section:
  • We have already learnt in the previous lesson that in Arabic language the phrase comprising of a number and a noun following that number is called a Number Phrase i.e., اَلْمُرَكَّبُ الْعَدَدِيُّ the number is called /A'adad/ i.e., اَلْعَدَدُ and the noun describing that number is called /Ma'adood/ اَلْمَعْدُوْدُ i.e., the noun for that number.
  • The number phrase for number "one" and "two" are treated as an Adjective Phrase. We have already learnt the rules for the Adjective Phrase in (Lesson 9 section 2)
  • The nouns for the numbers "one" and "two" always precede the number i.e., they come before the number and are treated as the adjective of that number i.e.:
    • The noun will take the same case as the number.
    • It will take the same gender.
    • It will always be an indefinite noun.
  • For example:

o   One note-book will be translated as كُرَّاسَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ

o   Two faculties will be translated as كُلِّيَّتَانِ اثْنَتَانِ

  • Let’s use some more examples to understand this rule:

Picture

Translation

Arabic

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One cow is in the field

فِي الْحَقْلِ بَقَرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ.

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I have two daughters

لِي بِنْتَانِ اثْنَتَانِ.

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He read one book

قَرَأَ كِتَابًا وَاحِدًا.

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She studied two stories

دَرَسَتْ قِصَّتَيْنِ اثْنَتَيْنِ.

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The books are in one bag

اَلْكُتُبُ فِي حَقِيبَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ.

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The boys are in two gardens

اَلأَوْلادُ فِي حَدِيقَتَيْنِ اثْنَتَيْنِ.





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