Lesson 20 -الدَّرْسُ الْعِشْرُونَ

Number phrase - الْمُرَكَّبُ الْعَدَدِيُّ

  • In this section, we will learn the use of the first two numbers in Arabic, In-Shā’-Allâh (God Willing) relating to feminine /Ma'dood/.   To recap the rules we learnt in the previous section:
  • We have already learnt in the previous lesson that in Arabic language the phrase comprising of a number and a noun following that number is called a Number Phrase i.e., الْمُرَكَّبُ الْعَدَدِيُّ the number is called /A'adad/ i.e., الْعَدَدُ and the noun describing that number is called /Ma'adood/ الْمَعْدُوْدُ i.e., the noun for that number.
  • The number phrase for number "one" and "two" are treated as an Adjective Phrase. We have already learnt the rules for the Adjective Phrase in (Lesson 9 section 2)
  • The nouns for the numbers "one" and "two" always precede the number i.e., they come before the number and are treated as the adjective of that number i.e.:
    • The noun will take the same case as the number.
    • It will take the same gender.
    • It will always be an indefinite noun.
  • For example:

o   One note-book will be translated as كُرَّاسَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ

o   Two faculties will be translated as كُلِّيَّتَانِ اثْنَتَانِ

  • Let’s use some more examples to understand this rule:




Madinaharabic.com lesson image

One cow is in the field

فِي الْحَقْلِ بَقَرَةٌ وَاحِدَةٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I have two daughters

لِي بِنْتَانِ اثْنَتَانِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

He read one book

قَرَأَ كِتَابًا وَاحِدًا.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

She studied two stories

دَرَسَتْ قِصَّتَيْنِ اثْنَتَيْنِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

The books are in one bag

الْكُتُبُ فِي حَقِيبَةٍ وَاحِدَةٍ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

The boys are in two gardens

الْأَوْلادُ فِي حَدِيقَتَيْنِ اثْنَتَيْنِ.