Lesson 20 -الدَّرْسُ الْعِشْرُونَ
Number phrase - الْمُرَكَّبُ الْعَدَدِيُّ
- In this part of the lesson, we will revise the Arabic numbers from 3 to 10 and the rules relating to their use, In-Shā’-Allâh (God Willing). In Arabic language, for the numbers 3 to 10, the following rules are applied, this is revision with examples of feminine /ma'dood/:
- The number always precedes the noun, i.e., the noun always appears after the number, e.g.:
- ثَلاثُ أَخَوَاتٍ meaning "Three sisters"
- The noun should always be in plural form whereas the number always appears in singular form, e.g.:
- أَرْبَعُ كَلِمَاتٍ meaning "Four words.
The number will take different cases according to the situation, but the noun will always take the genitive case, e.g.:
- سَبْعُ جَامِعَاتٍ meaning "Seven universities".
The noun is always indefinite, and hence it takes the double /Kasrah/ and no /alif-laam/ e.g.:
- عَشْرُ عَمَّاتٍ meaning "Ten paternal aunts".
- The number of the feminine noun is always masculine .i.e., whenever there is a feminine noun, the number for that noun should always be in masculine form e.g.:
- خَمْسُ نِسَاءٍ meaning "Five women"
- Let’s use some examples for a better understanding of the rule: