Lesson 61 – الدَّرْسُ الواحِدُ والسِّتُّونَ

/lā/ of generic negation - لا النَّافِيَة لِلْجِنْسِ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • This is lesson sixty one of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • We studied in the previous lesson the Arabic annuller particle /inna/ and its sisters (إنَّ وَأخَواتُها). We learnt that they are six particles (إنّأنَّكَأَنَّلَكِنَّلَيْتَ - لَعَلَّ). They intervene in the Arabic nominal sentence, and make the subject in the accusative case as in the following examples (for revision purpose):

The sentence after /inna/

The sentence before /inna/

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

Indeed, the food is delicious

إنَّ الطَّعَامَ لَذِيذٌ

/inna aŧ ŧaξāma ladhīdhun/

The food is delicious

الطَّعَامُ لَذِيذٌ

/aŧ ŧaξāmu ladhīdhun/

Indeed, the prices are high

إنَّ الأَسْعَارَ مُرْتَفِعَةٌ

/inna al asξāra murtafiξatun/

The prices are high

الأَسْعَارُ مُرْتَفِعَةٌ

/al asξāru murtafiξatun/

  • In this lesson we will learn another type of the annuller particles, which is /lā/ of generic negation (لا النَّافِيَة لِلْجِنْسِ) In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • /lā/ of generic negation comes only with the nominal sentence, and makes its noun (the subject) accusative, like the function of /inna/ and its sisters. See the following example:

Picture

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

No patient is in the hospital

لا مَرِيضَ فِي المُسْتَشْفَى

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No student is in the school

لا طَّالِبَ فِي المَدْرَسَةِ

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No worker is in the factory

لا عامِلَ فِي المَصْنَعِ

  • You may notice that the particle /lā/ of generic negation (لا النَّافِيَة لِلْجِنْسِ) makes the same function of /inna/ and its sisters (إنَّ وَأخَواتُها). It is also comes with the nominal sentences only.
  • In this lesson we will study the following topics related to /lā/ of generic negation In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing):
    - The meaning of /lā/ of generic negation and the difference between it and the other Arabic particles of negation (we studied the negation in lesson 31).
    - The conditions under which the declension of the nominal sentence is affected by /lā/ of generic particle.
    - The types of the noun of /lā/ of generic negation, i.e. the subject which falls after /lā/, and the declension of each type.

 










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