Lesson 52 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّاني وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The manqūŝ Noun  الاسـم المَنْقُوص

Dual and Plural Forms of the Manqūŝ Noun - جَمْعُ وَتَثْنَيةُ الاسْمِ المَنْقُوصِ

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  •  Add the Arabic feminine suffix "ـة" /-ah or -at/ to form a feminine form of the manqūŝ noun.
  • Add the dual suffix "انِ" /-āni/ (in the nominative case) or "ـينِ" /-ayni/ (in the accusative and genitive cases) for the dual form of the manqūŝ noun.
  • Add the plural masculine suffix "ـونَ" /-ūna/ (in the nominative case) or "ـينَ" /-īna/ (in the accusative and genitive cases) and the plural feminine suffix "ات" /-āt/ to form the plural form of the manqūŝ noun, unless the plural of the word is irregular.
  • Study the following examples:

Picture

Comment

Plural

Dual

Singular

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السَّاعونَ إلى الخَيْرِ رِجالٌ كُرَمَاءُ

/al-sāξūna/

السَّاعيانِ إلى الخَيْرِ رَجُلانِ كَرِيمانِ

/al-sāξi-yāni/

السَّاعي إلى الخَيْرِ رَجُلٌ كَرِيمٌ

/al-sāξī/

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هَؤُلاءِ قَاضُونَ

/qâđuna/

هَذانِ قاضِيَانِ

/qāđi-yāni/

هَذا قاضٍ

/qâđīn/

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هَؤلاء الأَسَاتِذَةُ قَاسُونَ على طُلابِهِم

/qâsūna/

هَذانِ الأُسْتاذانِ قاسِيانِ عَلى طُلابِهما

/qâsi-yāni/

هَذا الأُسْتاذُ قاسٍ على طُلابِهِ

/qâsin/

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Irregular plural

النَّوَادِي بَعِيدَةٌ عَن البَيْتِ

/al-nawādī/

النَّادِيانِ بَعِيدانِ عَنِ البَيْتِ

/al-nādi-yāni/

النَّادِي بَعِيدٌ عَنِ البَيْتِ

/al-nādī/

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البُيُوتُ عالِيَةٌ

/ξāli-yatun/

البَيْتانِ عَالِيانِ

/ξāli-yāni/

البَيْتُ عالٍ

/ξāli-n/

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الأَثْوَابُ غَالِيَةٌ

/ghâli-yatun/

الثَّوْبانِ غَالِيَانِ

/ghâli-yāni/

الثَّوْبُ غَالٍ

/ghâli-n/

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هَؤُلاءِ قَاضِياتٌ عَادِلاتٌ

/qâđi-yātun/

هَاتانِ قاضِيتانِ عادِلتانِ

/qâđi-yat-āni/

هَذِهِ قاضِيَةٌ عَادِلَةٌ

/qâđi-yat-tun/

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  هذهِ حَقِيباتٌ بَالِياتٌ

/bāli-yātun/

هَاتَانِ حَقِيبَتانِ بَالِيتَانِ

/bāli-yat-āni/

هَذِه حَقِيبَةٌ بَالِيَةٌ

/bāli-yatun/



 

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