Lesson 68 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّامِنُ والسِّتُّونَ

The causal object - الْمَفْعُول لأَجْلِهِ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • This is lesson sixty eight of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this lesson we will study the third type of the Arabic objects (المفاعيل /al mafāξīl/) In-Sā’-Allâh (God willing).
  • We learnt in an earlier lesson that the Arabic objects (المفاعيل /al mafāξīl/) are always in the accusative case. We have already covered so far the two following objects:

-        The direct object (الْمَفْعُول بِهِ), lesson 66.

-        The absolute object (الْمَفْعُول الْمُطْلَق) lesson 67.

  • In this lesson we will cover the third type of the Arabic objects which is called the causal object (الْمَفْعُول لَهُ / لأَجْلِهِ).
  • The causal object is an accusative noun which falls in the verbal sentence (originally after the direct object). It explains the reason why the action has been done. With the causal object we can answer the question starting with (why) as in the following example:

Causal object

Answer

Question

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

حُبًّا

I study Arabic because I like it

أَدْرُسُ الْعَرَبِيَّةَ حُبًّا فِيها

/adrusu al ξarabiyyata ħubban fihā/

Why do you learn Arabic

لِماذا تَدْرُسُ العَرَبِيَّةَ؟

/limādhā tadrusu al ξarabiyyata/

  •  In this lesson we will learn the following:
    1- What the causal object is, how it is formed, and what its types are. Consider the following examples:

Picture

 

Example

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I travelled asking for freedom

سافَرْتُ طَلَبًا لِلْحُرِّيَّةِ

/sāfartu ŧalaban lil ħurriyyati/

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

I visited my mother desiring her satisfaction

زُرتُ أُمِّي رَغْبَةً في رضاها

/zurtu ummi raghbatan fī riđâhā/

2-   The conditions under which the noun can be a causal object in the accusative case.

3-   The rules and characteristics of the causal object.





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