Lesson 40 – الدَّرْسُ الأرْبَعونَ

Indeclension of the Imperative Verb – بِنَاءُ فِعْل الأَمْر

Imperative verb indeclension on the omission of the Nūn letter - بِنَاء فِعْل الأَمْر عَلَى حَذْف النُون

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  • Imperative verb indeclension on the omission of the Nūn "ن" (N) letter occurs with three Arabic pronouns of the second person, namely the second person masculine plural أَنْتُم (antum), the second person dual أَنْتُمَا (antumā) and the second person feminine singular أَنْتِ (anti). Consider the following examples:

 Imperative

Present

Pronoun

Gender/number

اُكْتُبُوا

تَكْتُبُونَ

أَنْتُم

Masculine plural

اُكْتُبَا

تَكْتُبَانِ

أَنْتُمَا

Dual

اُكْتُبِي

تَكْتُبِيـنَ

أَنْتِ

Feminine singular

  • As you see the above verbs are indeclinable on the omission of the Nūn in the imperative form. Here are other examples:

Pictures

Translation

Sentence

Pronoun

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Write your lessons and read well!

اكْتُبُوا دُرُوسَكُم وَاقْرَءُوا جَيْدًا.

أَنْتُم

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Go to your class and apologize to your teacher!

اِذْهَبَا إلى فَصْلِكُما واعْتَذِرا لِأُسْتَاذِكُما.

أَنْتُمَا

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Take care of your children cleaning, Fatimah!

يا فاطِمَةُ اِهْتَمِّي بِنَظَافَةِ أوْلادكِ.

أَنْتِ

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Pay attention to your lessons, students!

يا طُلابُ اِهْتَمُّوا بِدُرُوسِكُم.

أَنْتُم

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Listen to the instructions of your teacher, Hosam and Ibrahim!

يا حُسَامُ وَإبْرَاهِيمُ اِسْتَمِعَا إلَى نَصَائِحِ أُسْتَاذِكُمَا.

أَنْتُمَا

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Give much care to your husband, Zaynab!

يا زينبُ اِهْتَمِّي بِزَوْجِكِ كَثِيرًا.

أَنْتِ

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