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Lesson 76 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ والسَّبْعونَ

The meanings of the prepositions  -  معاني حروف الجر

The preposition (fī)– حرف الجر "فِي"

·         The original meaning of this preposition is the circumstantial meaning (in, or inside), as in the following examples:

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Meaning of the preposition

English

Arabic

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In a place

I prayed in the mosque

صَلَّيْتُ فِي المَسْجِدِ

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In a time

I work at night

أَعْمَلُ فِي اللَّيْلِ

·         Sometimes the circumstantial meaning of (fī) is metaphoric, or figurative, as in the following examples:

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English

Arabic

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Amer (sunk) fell in love of his wife

غَرِقَ عَامِرٌ فِي حُبِّ زَوْجَتِهِ

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Saeed was lost in thinking

تاهَ سَعِيدٌ فِي التَّفْكِيرِ

  • (Fī) is sometimes used with the meaning of (ilā) or (ξalā) as in the following examples: