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Lesson 92 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّانِي وَالتِّسْعُونَ

Patterns of abstract verbs - أَوْزانُ الأفْعالِ المُجَرَّدَةِ

The rest of the patterns of the abstract treble verb –بَاقِي أَوْزَانِ الْفِعْلِ الثُّلاثِيِّ الْمُجَرَّدِ

  • There are some other patterns of the abstract treble verb. The verbs of these patterns are proportionally fewer than the patterns we have learnt so far. The following table illustrates them:

Past form

Present form

Explanation

FaƐila فَـعِـلَ

YafƐalu يَـفْـعَـلُ

Kasrah on the middle of the past form and Fatħah on the middle of the present

FaƐila فَـعِـلَ

YafƐilu يَـفْـعِـلُ

Kasrah on the middle of both past and present forms

FaƐula فَـعُـلَ

YafƐulu يَـفْـعُـلُ

Đammah on the middle of both past and present forms

1-    Pattern (FaƐila YafƐalu – فَـعِـلَ يَـفْـعَـلُ) of the abstract treble verb:

  • Most of the verbs of this pattern have the meaning of feelings or sentiments. Consider the following examples:

2-    Pattern (FaƐila YafƐilu – فَـعِـلَ يَـفْـعِلُ) of the abstract treble verb:

  • This pattern is rare pattern in Arabic and most of its verbs are model verbs, i.e. weak verb in which the weak letter comes in the beginning of its root. Consider the following examples:

Past verb

Pattern FaƐila

 فَعِلَ

Present verb

Pattern YafƐilu

 يفْعِلُ

Meaning

وَرِثَ

يَرِثُ

Inherit

وَهِمَ

يَهِمُ

Be deluded

وَثِقَ

يَثِقُ

Rest assured

3-    Pattern (FaƐula YafƐulu – فَـعُـلَ يَـفْـعُلُ) of the abstract treble verb:

  • This pattern is frequently used with intransitive verbs indicating actions related to instincts and/or qualities. Consider the following examples:

Past verb

Pattern FaƐula

 فَعُلَ

Present verb

Pattern YafƐulu

 يفْعُلُ

Meaning

كَرُمَ

يَكْرُمُ

Be generous

عَظُمَ

يَعْظُمُ

Be great

حَسُنَ

يَحْسُنُ

Be good

كَبُرَ

يَكْبُرُ

Be big

صَغُرَ

يَصْغُرُ

Be small

  • Now, let’s summarize all the six patterns of the abstract treble verb:

 

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