Lesson 92 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّانِي وَالتِّسْعُونَ

Patterns of abstract verbs - أَوْزانُ الأفْعالِ المُجَرَّدَةِ

Pattern: FaƐala YafƐalu of the abstract treble verb – وَزْنُ (فَعَلَ - يَفْعَلُ) من الْفِعْلِ الثُّلاثِيِّ الْمُجَرَّدِ

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  • As we did in the previous pattern, we will do in this part, so we will study sound verbs, weak verbs, and double consonants verbs as follows:

1-    The sound verb الفِعْلُ الصَّحِيحُ  of the pattern (FaƐala YafƐalu – فَعَلَ يَفْعَلُ):

  • There are many verbs which has the past form on the pattern (FaƐala فَعَلَ) and the present form on the pattern (YafƐalu يَفْعَلُ). Consider the following examples:

Past verb

Pattern FaƐala

 فَعَلَ

Present verb

Pattern YafƐalu

 يفْعَلُ

Meaning

سأَل

يسْأَل

Ask

نصَح

ينصَح

Advise

زرَع

يزرَع

Cultivate

فتَح

يفتَح

Open

بَدَأَ

يِبْدَأُ

Start

دَفَعَ

يَدْفَعُ

Pay

2-    The model verb الفعل المثال of the pattern (FaƐala YafƐalu – فَعَلَ يَفْعَلُ):

  • The model verb is a type of the weak verb that contain a weak letter (vowel) in the beginning of its root. Consider the forms of this pattern thru the following examples and notice how the weak letter is deleted from the present:

Past verb

Pattern FaƐala

 فَعَلَ

Present verb

Pattern YafƐalu

 يفْعَلُ

Meaning

وَهَبَ

يَهَبُ

Donate

وَضَعَ

يَضَعُ

Put

3-    The hollow verb الفعل الأجوف of the pattern (FaƐala YafƐalu – فَعَلَ يَفْعَلُ):

  • Also, there are a numerous hollow verbs of this pattern. Consider the following examples:

Past verb

Pattern FaƐala

 فَعَلَ

Present verb

Pattern YafƐalu

 يفْعَلُ

Meaning

نال

ينال

Obtain

نام

ينام

Sleep

خال

يخال

Think

4-    The deficient verb الفعل الناقص of the pattern (FaƐala YafƐalu – فَعَلَ يَفْعَلُ):

  • Consider the following forms of these deficient verbs of this pattern:

Past verb

Pattern FaƐala

 فَعَلَ

Present verb

Pattern YafƐalu

 يفْعَلُ

Meaning

أَبَى

يَأْبَى

Refuse

سعَى

يسعى

Run

نَهَى

يَنْهَى

Prohibit

نأى

ينأى

Go far

5-    The double consonant verb الفعل المضعف of the pattern (FaƐala YafƐalu – فَعَلَ يَفْعَلُ):

  • Below, there are some examples of the double consonant verbs of this pattern:

Past verb

Pattern FaƐala

 فَعَلَ

Present verb

Pattern YafƐalu

 يفْعَلُ

Meaning

ظلَّ   

يَظَلُّ

Last

بَرَّ      

يَبَرُّ

Make virtue

 

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