Lesson 92 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّانِي وَالتِّسْعُونَ
Patterns of abstract verbs - أَوْزانُ الأفْعالِ المُجَرَّدَةِ
Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ
- In the previous lesson, we have learnt that the Arabic verbs can be divided into the following two categories:
- In this lesson, we will learn the different patterns of abstract verbs in detail. The abstract verbs are divided into two categories:
1- The abstract treble verbs: These verbs could be in different patterns according to the combination of the past and present form, e.g.:
- Pattern of (FaƐala – Yafulu فَعَلَ - يَفْعُلُ), i.e.: the pattern whose past comes on (FaƐala) and whose present verb comes on (YafaƐalu). E.g.: كتَبَ - يَكْتُبُ meaning (to write).
- Pattern of FaƐala – YafƐilu فَعَلَ - يَفْعِلُ). E.g.: جلَسَ - يجْلِسُ meaning to (to sit down).
- Pattern of FaƐala - YafƐalu فَـعَـلَ - يَـفْـعَـلُ, e.g.: سأَلَ - يسْأَلُ meaning (to ask).
- And many more patterns of the three letters root verb.
2- The abstract four letters root verbs: In this category, there is only one pattern whose past form is FaƐlala فعْلَلَ and whose present form is YufaƐlilu يُفعْلِلُ, e.g.: بَعْثَرَ - يُبَعْثِرُ meaning (to scatter).
- We will learn all these patterns in detail in the following parts of this lesson.