- This is lesson ninty two of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
- In the previous lesson, we have learned that the Arabic verbs can be divided into the following two categories:
- The abstract verbs الأَفْعَالُ الْمُجَرَّدَةُ: The patterns of these verbs consist only of the original letters in the root.
- The augmented verbs الأًفْعَالُ الْمَزِيدَةُ: The patterns of these verbs consist of the original letters plus one or more augmented letters.
- In this lesson, we will learn the different patterns of abstract verbs in detail. The abstract verbs are divided into two categories:
1- The abstract treble verbs: These verbs could be in different patterns according to the combination of the past and present form, e.g.:
- Pattern of (FaƐala – Yafulu فَعَلَ - يَفْعُلُ), i.e.: the pattern whose past comes on (FaƐala) and whose present verb comes on (YafaƐalu). E.g.: كتَبَ - يَكْتُبُ meaning (to write).
- Pattern of FaƐala – YafƐilu فَعَلَ - يَفْعِلُ). E.g.: جلَسَ - يجْلِسُ meaning to (to sit down).
- Pattern of FaƐala - YafƐalu فَـعَـلَ - يَـفْـعَـلُ, e.g.: سأَلَ - يسْأَلُ meaning (to ask).
- And many more patterns of the three letters root verb.
2- The abstract four letters root verbs: In this category, there is only one pattern whose past form is FaƐlala فعْلَلَ and whose present form is YufaƐlilu يُفعْلِلُ, e.g.: بَعْثَرَ - يُبَعْثِرُ meaning (to scatter).
- We will learn all these patterns in detail in the following parts of this lesson.