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Lesson 56 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The sound masculine plural -  جَمْعُ المُذَكَّرِ السَّالِمِ

Omitting the /Nūn/ from the sound masculine plural حَذْفُ نُونِ جَمْعِ المُذَكَّرِ السالِمِ

  • We have learnt in this lesson that the sound masculine plural is a noun ended  with:

- /Wāw/ and /Nūn/  "ون"  in the nominative case e.g.:

- / Yā’/ and /Nūn/ "ين"  in the accusative and genitive cases, e.g.:

  • As you notice, the sound masculine plural in the above mentioned examples is ended with (/Wāw/ and /Nūn/) or with (/Yā’/ and /Nūn/).
  • This final /Nūn/ can be omitted in the case of the annexation (الإضافة /al iđâfah/).  We will now see examples of when the sound plural is in the first part of the /Iđâfah/ structure. I.e. when it is an annexing noun ( مضاف /muđâf/)
  • Here is a quick summary of the annexation structure as we studied in a previous lesson:
    -  The annexation structure (
    المُرَكَّب الإضافِي) consists of two parts and is a clause designed to show ownership of something, e.g. (كِتَابُ الطَّالِبِ) meaning the book of the student.  This structure is made up of two parts; the first is the annexing noun (الْمُضَاف /al muđâf) which is in the previous example the word (كِتابُ).  This represents the item that is possessed or owned.
    -The second is the annexed noun (
    المُضاف إليه /al muđâf ilaihi/) which is the word (الطَّالِبِ) – this represents the owner or possessor of the first word.
  • Let’s look at some examples of plurals as part of the /Iđâfah/ structure and comparison of the same plurals before annexation.

 

Picture

الجَمْعُ بَعْدَ الإضَافَةِ

after annexation

الجَمْعُ قَبْلَ الإضَافَةِ

before annexation

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

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These are the Muslims of Egypt

هَؤُلاءِ مُسْلِمُو مِصْرَ

/hā’ulā’i muslimū miŝra/

These are Muslims

هَؤُلاءِ مُسْلِمُونَ

/hā’ulā’I muslimūna/

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I like the teachers of Arabic

أُحِبُّ مُدَرِّسِي اللُّغَةِ العَرَبِيَّةِ

/uħibbu mudarrisī al lughati al ξarabiyyati/

I like teacher

أُحِبُّ الْمُدَرِّسِينَ

/uħibbu al mudarrisīna/

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I bought meat from the butchers of the city

اِشْتَرَيْتُ اللَّحْمَ مِنَ جَزَّارِي المَدِينَةِ

/ishtaraytu al laħma min ĵazzārī al madīnati/

I bought meat from butchers

اِشْتَرَيْتُ اللَّحْمَ مِنَ الجَزَّارِينَ

/ishtaraytu al laħma min al ĵazzārīna/

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They are boys whose promise is trustworthy

هُم أَوْلادٌ صَادِقو الوَعْدِ

/hum awlādun ŝâdiqū al waξdi/

They are trustworthy boys

هُم أَوْلادٌ صَادِقونَ

/hum awlādun ŝâdiqūna/

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I like the clever builder of the mosques

أُحِبُّ بَنَّائِي المَسَاجِدِ المَاهِرِينَ

/uħibbu bannā’ī al masādjidi al māhirīna/

I like the clever builders

أُحِبُّ البَنَّائِينَ المَاهِرِينَ

/uħibbu al bannā’īna al māhirīna /

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I am one of the supporters of Libya

أَنَا مِنْ مُشَجِّعِي لِيبْيَا

/anā min mushaĵiξī libia/

I am from the supporters

أَنا مِنْ الْمُشَجِّعِينَ

/anā min al mushaĵiξīna /

  • You may notice in the above mentioned examples that the /Nūn/ exists where the plural is not a first part of /Iđâfah/ (annexation), and this /Nūn/ is omitted when the plural is an annexing noun (مضاف /muđâf).
  • Let’s repeat these examples for clarity - in the examples above we have the sound masculine plural nouns as follows:
  • When each of these nouns is in the first part of /Iđâfah/ structure the final /Nūn/ is omitted as follows:
  • And the final structure becomes as follows: