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Lesson 56 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The sound masculine plural -  جَمْعُ المُذَكَّرِ السَّالِمِ

The sound masculine pluralجَمْع المُذَكَّر السَّالِم

  • We studied the broken plural in lesson 34 (جَمْعُ التَّكْسِير /ĵamξ at-taksīr).  We learnt in that lesson that there are no rules to form the broken plural and we have to memorize its form for any new noun we learn, here are some examples to remind you about the broken plural:


Broken plural



Arabic lesson image





/kitābun/ lesson image





/baytun/ lesson image






/manzilun/ lesson image





/ŧâlibun/ lesson image





/saħābun/ lesson image






  • As you notice, the broken plural has a different pattern (form) for each of the above mentioned words.  The form of the singular is changed when it is turned into broken plural, so that it is called (جمع التَّكْسِير /ĵamξ at-taksīr/).  It is not formed by adding suffixes or prefixes (letters in the beginning or in the end) to the singular, instead it is formed by breaking the letters of the singular form then restructuring them in a different pattern. You may notice that this broken plural is used for both masculine and feminine words, e.g.:











  • we also studied another type of plural in lesson (36), which is the feminine sound plural, this plural is formed by adding /alif/ and /tā’/ (ات /āt) to the feminine singular word.  The following table is to remind ourselves about that kind of plural:


Plural           الجَمْع


Singular          المُفْرَد





Female employee





Female worker



  • In this lesson we will learn the third type of plural which is the sound masculine plural In-Shā'-Allâh (God willing).  This type of plural is used only for the masculine nouns as (مُوَظَّف - عَامِل), i.e. it is neither like the feminine sound plural which is used for the feminine nouns like (مُوَظَّفةٌ - عَامِلَةٌ), nor like the broken plural which is used for both masculine and feminine nouns (بَيْتٌقَرْيَةٌ).
  • When we form the sound masculine plural from a singular noun, we do not change the form of the singular noun, we just add the suffix (ending) /Wāw/ and /Nūn/ or /Yā’/ and /Nūn/ to the end of the singular noun. This is unlike the broken plural in which we change the form of the singular by:
    - Adding one or more letters in the middle, e.g.(
    بَيْتٌ - بُيُوتٌ)
    - Dropping one or more letters from the middle, e.g.(
    كِتابٌ - كُتُبٌ)
  • None of the changes above happen in the sound plural, so that it is called sound or regular plural (  الجَمْعُ السَّالِمُ /al ĵamξ as-sālim/), please notice that the Arabic word (سَالِم /Sālim/) means intact, sound, not broken etc.
  • So the sound masculine plural is formed by adding /Wāw/ and /Nūn/ (ون /ūn/) or /Yā’/ and /Nūn/ (ين /īn/) to the singular masculine noun to indicate more than two units of it, so it is a kind of brevity, i.e. instead of repeating the noun using (wa) many times, please read the following table (from right to left):


English meaning

Using the sound plural

Repeating the noun with (wa) lesson image

The employees came (assisted)

حَضَرَ الْمُوَظَّفُونَ

حَضَرَ المُوَظَّفُ والمُوَظَّفُ والمُوَظَّفُ lesson image

The hard workers succeeded

أَفْلَحَ المُجْتَهِدُونَ

أَفْلَحَ المُجْتَهِدُ والمُجْتَهِدُ والمُجْتَهِدُ lesson image

The workers demonstrated

تَظَاهَرَ العَامِلُونَ

تَظَاهَرَ العَامِلُ وَالعَامِلُ وَالعَامِلُ lesson image

The drivers went on strike

أَضْرَبَ السَّائِقُونَ عَنِ الْعَمَلِ

أَضْرَبَ السَّائِقُ والسَّائِقُ والسَّائِقُ عَنِ العَمَلِ . lesson image

The farmers cultivated

زَرَعَ الفَلاَّحُونَ

زَرَعَ الفَلاَّحُ والفَلاَّحُ والفَلاَّحُ lesson image

The cultivators gathered (harvested)

حَصَدَ الزَّارِعُونَ

حَصَدَ الزَّارِعُ والزَّارِعُ والزَّارِعُ lesson image

I gave the beggars

أَعْطَيْتُ السَّائِلِينَ

أَعْطَيْتُ السَّائِلَ وَالسَّائِلَ وَالسَّائِلَ lesson image

I sympathized with the needy people

عَطَفْتُ عَلَى المُحْتَاجِينَ

عَطَفْتُ عَلَى المُحْتَاجِ والمُحْتَاجِ والمُحْتَاجِ lesson image

I helped the managers

سَاعَدْتُ المُدِيرِينَ

سَاعَدْتُ المُدِيرَ وَالمُدِيرَ والمُدِيرَ lesson image

I saw the players

شَاهَدْتُ اللاَّعِبِينَ

شَاهَدْتُ اللاَّعِبَ وَاللاَّعِبَ وَاللاَّعِبَ


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