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- Some conditions have to be found in the noun to form the Arabic sound masculine plural from, this is apparent from its name, i.e.
- It has to be a masculine (not feminine) noun
- It has to be singular (to form the plural)
- It has to be an adjective for a rational or living person (human being).
- Let’s study these conditions in detail with some examples:
The first condition: the noun has to be singular, e.g.:
- This is a logic condition, we naturally cannot make plural of dual nouns as the following:
- But if there is somebody whose name is ended with (ان /ān/) (i.e. not indicating a dual) , we can make the sound plural of it, e.g.:
- So, the condition of changing any noun into sound masculine plural is that the noun should be singular as follows:
- The second condition of forming the sound masculine plural is that the noun has to be indicating masculine noun or adjective, i.e. it should not be a feminine noun like (زَيْنَب /zaynab/) - a female name -, nor feminine adjective as (طالِق /ŧâliq) - a female adjective meaning divorced.
- On the other hand the words which are valid to form the sound masculine plural indicate masculine nouns or adjectives as in the following examples:
- The third condition: If the noun is an adjective, and we need to form the sound plural from it, it has to be an adjective for a rational noun – i.e. (living person).
- As you notice, all the adjectives in the above mentioned examples are adjectives related to living (rational) persons and we could therefore form the sound plural. If the adjective is for a non rational (non living), we cannot form the sound plural from it, but we express the meaning of the plural by using its singular feminine form as you see in the following examples: