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Lesson 56 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The sound masculine plural -  جَمْعُ المُذَكَّرِ السَّالِمِ

Conditions of the sound masculine plural شُرُوط جَمْع المُذَكَّر السَّالِم

  • Some conditions have to be found in the noun to form the sound masculine plural from, this is apparent from its name, i.e.
  • It has to be a masculine (not feminine) noun
  • It has to be singular (to form the plural)
  • It has to be an adjective for a rational or living person (human being).
  • Let’s study these conditions in detail with some examples: 
     The first condition: the noun has to be singular, e.g.:


















  • This is a logic condition, we naturally cannot make plural of dual nouns as the following:










Two players

To trainers

Two studiers

Two writers


  • But if there is somebody whose name is ended with (ان /ān/) (i.e. not indicating a dual) , we can make the sound plural of it, e.g.:

Sound plural










  • So, the condition of changing any noun into sound masculine plural is that the noun should be singular as follows:
  • The second condition of forming the sound masculine plural is that the noun has to be indicating masculine noun or adjective, i.e. it should not be a feminine noun like (زَيْنَب /zaynab/) - a female name -, nor feminine adjective as (طالِق /ŧâliq) - a female adjective meaning divorced.
  • On the other hand the words which are valid to form the sound masculine plural indicate masculine nouns or adjectives as in the following examples:


Sound plural





Arabic lesson image

These are truthful men

هَؤُلاء رِجَالٌ صَادِقُونَ

/hā’ulā’I ridĵālun ŝâdiqūna/

This is a truthful man

هَذا رَجُلٌ صَادِقٌ

/hādhā raĵulun ŝâdiqun/ lesson image

The engineers are active

المُهَنْدِسُونَ نَشِيطُونَ

/al muhandisūna nashīŧūna/

The engineer is active

المُهَنْدِسُ نَشِيطٌ

/al muhandisu nashīŧun/ lesson image

These are players

هَؤُلاءِ لاَعِبُونَ

/hā’ulā’i lā’ibūna/

This is a player

هَذَا لاَعِبٌ

/hādhā lāξibun/ lesson image

you are trustful

أَنْتُمْ صَادِقُونَ

/antum ŝâdiqūna/

you are trustful

أَنَتَ صَادِقٌ

/anta ŝâdiqun/

  •  The third condition: If the noun is an adjective, and we need to form the sound plural from it, it has to be an adjective for a rational noun – i.e. (living person).


Sound plural





Arabic lesson image

Polite boys

أَوْلادٌ مُهَذَّبُونَ

/awlādun muhaddhabūna/

Polite boy

وَلَدٌ مُهَذَّبٌ

/waladun muhaddhabun/ lesson image

The doctors are travelling

الأَطِبَّاءُ مُسَافِرُونَ

/al aŧibbā’u musāfirūna/

The doctor is travelling

الطَّبِيبُ مُسَافِرٌ

/aŧ-ŧabību musāfirun/ lesson image

The players are clever

اللاعِبُونَ مَاهِرُونَ

/al lāξibūna māhirūna/

The player is clever

اللاَّعِبُ مَاهِرٌ

/al lāξibu māhirun/ lesson image

The students are successful

الطُّلاَّبُ نَاجِحُونَ

/aŧŧullābu nāĵiħūna/

The student is successful

الطَّالِبُ نَاجِحٌ

/aŧ-ŧâlibu nāĵiħun/ lesson image

The artists are famous

الفَنَّانُونَ مَشْهُورُونَ

/al fannānūna al mashhurūna/

The artist is famous

الفَنَّانُ مَشْهُورُ

/al fannānu al mashhūru/

  • As you notice, all the adjectives in the above mentioned examples are adjectives related to living (rational) persons and we could therefore form the sound plural. If the adjective is for a non rational (non living), we cannot form the sound plural from it, but we express the meaning  of the plural by using its singular feminine form as you see in the following examples:


Plural            الجمع

Singular         المفرد




Arabic lesson image

The birds are emigrating

الطُّيُورُ مُهَاجِرَةٌ

/aŧ-ŧuyūru muhāgiratun/

The bird is emigrating

الطَّيْرُ مُهَاجِرٌ

/aŧ-ŧayru muhādjirun/ lesson image

The animals are dirty

الحَيَواناتُ وَسِخَةٌ

/al ħayawānātu wasikhatun/

The animal is dirty

الحَيَوانُ وَسِخٌ

/al ħayawānu wasikhun/ lesson image

The films are famous

الأَفْلامُ مَشْهُورَةُ

/al aflāmu mashhūratun/

The film is famous

الفِيلْمُ مَشْهُورُ

/al filmu mashhūrun/ lesson image

The diseases are dangerous

الأَمْرَاضُ خَطِيرَةٌ

/al amrâđu khŧīratun/

The disease is dangerous

المَرَضُ خَطِيرٌ

/al marađu khaŧīrun/


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