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Lesson 56 – الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

The sound masculine plural -  جَمْعُ المُذَكَّرِ السَّالِمِ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In Arabic there are two types of plural – the sound plural and the broken plural.  We have already covered the broken plural in an earlier lesson.
  • In this lesson we will learn a new type of the plural noun, which is called the sound plural (also known as regular plural) In-Shaa’-Allaah (God willing).  It is called (جَمْع المُذَكَّرِ السالمِ /ĵamξ al mudhakkar as-sālim) in Arabic.
  • We will learn In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing), that this type of plural ends with /Wāw/ and /Nūn/ (ون /ūn/) or /Yā’/ and /Nūn/ (ين /īn/) which are added to its singular form. Have a look at the following examples:

Plural       جَمْعٌ

Singular    مُفْرَدٌ

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

workers

عَامِلُونَ

/ξāmilūna/

عَامِلِينَ

/ξāmilīna/

Worker

عَامِلٌ

/ξāmilun/

Employees

مُوَظَّفُونَ

/muađđhafūna/

مُوَظَّفِينَ

/muađđhafīna/

Employee

مُوَظَّفٌ

/muađđhafun/

  • In Arabic, not all singular nouns are able to form the sound masculine plural, there are some conditions that have to be present in the singular noun to be able to form the sound plural. We will learn all these conditions in this lesson In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing), in the following table there are examples of them:

Example         المِثالُ

Condition       الشَّرْطُ

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

Worker

عَامِلٌ

/ξāmilun/

Singular

مُفرَد

Student

طَالِبٌ

/ŧâlibun/

Masculine

مُذَكَّر

Studier

 

Understander

دَارِسٌ

/dārisun/

فَاهِمٌ

/fāhimun/

 Adjective of an animate (living) person

صِفَةٌ لِعاقِلٍ

 

  • We will also learn how the declension of the plural is made, i.e. when it is ended with /Wāw/ and /Nūn/ (ون /ūn/) and when it is ended with /Yā’/ and /Nūn/ (ين /īn/).
  • As we learnt in the previous lesson of the dual (المثنَّى), we will learn the case in which we omit the final /Nūn/ from the masculine sound plural, i.e. the case of annexation (الإضافة /al iđâfah/), wherever the sound plural is in the first place of it, as annexing noun (مُضاف /muđâf). E.g.:

الجَمْعُ بَعْدَ الإضَافَةِ

after annexation

الجَمْعُ قَبْلَ الإضَافَةِ

before annexation

English

Arabic

English

Arabic

The employees of the company

مُوَظَّفُو الشَّرِكَةِ

/muađđhafū ash-sharikati/

Employees

مُوَظَّفُونَ

/muađđhafūna/

The studiers of Arabic

دَارِسُو العَرَبِيَّةِ

/dārisū al ξarabiyyati/

Studiers

دَارِسُونَ

/dārisūna/