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Lesson 93 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالتِّسْعُونَ

Patterns and Meanings of Augmented Verbs - أَوْزانُ الأفْعالِ الْمَزيدَةِ وَمعانِيها

Pattern of the triple verb augmented with three letters (IstafƐala) - صِيغَةُ الثُّلاثِيِّ الْمَزيدِ بِثَلاثَةِ أَحْرُفٍ (اِسْـتَـفْـعَـلَ)

  • There are more than one pattern of the triple verb augmented with three letters, but the most famous and frequently used one is the pattern IstafƐala اِسْـتَـفْـعَـلَ. It’s augmented with three letters that come in the beginning (ist اسْت).
  • There are two meanings of this pattern:

1-    The request: When a verb is augmented with (ist اسْت), it may mean that the doer of the verb is requiring the action of the original verb, e.g. اِسْتَخْرَجَ means extract or require the exit (as خرج means to exit or to get out). Consider the following examples:

Example

Original verb

Arabic

English

Arabic

English

اِسْتَمْتَعَ السَّائِحُونَ بَأَوْقاتِهِم.

The tourists enjoyed their times.

مَتَعَ

Joy

اِسْتَرْحَمَ الأَطْفالُ الْجُنودَ.

The children asking mercy from the soldiers.

رَحِمَ

Mercy

اِسْتَعْلَمَ الْمُسافِرُونَ عَنْ مَوْعِدِ الرِّحْلَةِ.

The travellers asking about the flight time.

عَلِمَ

Know

اِسْتَشارَ الوَلَدُ أَباهُ.

The boy consulted his father.

شَوَرَ

Advise

2-    The consequence or the transformation: Consider the following examples:

Example

Explanation

Arabic

English

اِسْتَأْسَدَ القِطُّ.

The cat acted like a lion.

The cat was transformed to a lion.

اِسْتَرْجَلَ الغُلامُ.

The boy acted like a man.

The boy was transformed to a man.

اِسْتَشْجَعَ الْجُنودُ فِي الْمَعْرَكَةِ.

The soldiers became courageous in the battle.

The soldiers were transformed to monsters.

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