Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.

Lesson 93 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالتِّسْعُونَ

Patterns and Meanings of Augmented Verbs - أَوْزانُ الأفْعالِ الْمَزيدَةِ وَمعانِيها

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • We’ve learnt earlier that the Arabic verbs are morphologically divided into two categories:

1-    The abstract verbs الأَفْعَالُ الْمُجَرَّدَةُ:

These verbs consist of the original root letters (regardless the conjugation suffixes or prefixes).

2-    The augmented verbs الأَفْعَالُ الْمَزِيدَةُ:

  • These verbs consist of the original root letters plus one, two or three of the augmented letters (regardless the conjugation suffixes or prefixes).
  • As we learnt the abstract verbs in detail in the previous lesson, lesson 92, we will learn in this lesson the patterns of the augmented verbs in detail.
  • Arabic grammarians stated that the augmented letters are exclusively those letters which are found in the Arabic word سَأَلْتُمُونِيهَا, literary meaning “you asked me it”, but these ten letters included in that word could be add to a noun or a verb. If we talk about only verbs, the augmented letters will be only five (أ -  ت - س - ن - ا) that will be studied in this lessons In-Shaa’-Allaah (Allah willing).
  • But, our study of the augmented verb will be slightly different from our study of the abstract verbs. The difference lies in that we will study the forms and meanings, i.e. we will also study how the augmented letter may affect the meaning of the original root.
  • The augmented verbs are divided into four categories:

1-    Triple verb augmented with one letter الْفِعْلُ الثُّلاثِيُّ المَزِيدُ بِحَرْفٍ:

The verb in this category could be in one of the following three patterns:

Pattern

Augmentation

Example

Meaning

AfƐala أَفْـعَـلَ

Initial Hamzah

أَجْلَسْتُ خَالِدًا عَلَى الْكُرْسِيِّ.

I made Khalid sit on the chair.

FaƐƐala فَـعَّـلَ

Doubling the medial root letter

قَبَّلَ الأَبُ اِبْنَهُ.

The father kissed his son.

Ɛala فَـاعَلَ

Alif after the initial letter

خَاصَمَ الرَّجُلُ زَوْجَتَهُ.

The man was at odds with his wife.

2-    Triple verb augmented with two letters:

The verb in this category could be in one of the following five patterns:

Pattern

Augmentation

Example

Meaning

IfaƐala اِفْتَعَلَ

Initial Hamzah and medial Tā’

اِحْتَرَمَ الطَالِبُ مَوْعِدَهَ.

The student respected his appointment.

TafaƐƐala تَفَعَّلَ

Initial Tā’ and doubling the medial root letter

تَقَدَّمَ الطَّالِبُ فِي دراسَتِهِ.

The student made progress in his study.

TafāƐala تَفاعَلَ

Initial tā’ and medial Alif

تَنافَسَ الطُّلابُ عَلَى الجَائِزَةِ.

The students competed for the prize.

InfaƐala اِنْفَعَلَ

Initial Alif and Nūn

اِنْكَسَرَ الْكُوبُ.

The glass was broken.

IfƐalla اِفْعَـلَّ

Initial Alif and doubling the final root letter

اِبْيَضَّ شَعْرُ الرَّجُلِ.

The hair of the man became white.

3-    Triple verbs augmented with three letters:

The verb in this category could be in one of the following pattern:

Pattern

Augmentation

Example

Meaning

IstafƐala اِسْتَفْعَلَ

Initial Alif, Sīn and Tā’.

اِسْتَخْرَجَ الطَّالِبُ شَهادَةً

The student

4-    Quadruple augmented verbs:

The verb in this category could be in one of the following two patterns: TafaƐlala تفعْلَلَ and IfƐanlala افعنْلَلَ.

Pattern

Augmentation

Example

Meaning

TafaƐlala تَفَعْلَلَ

زيادة التاء

تَدَحْرَجَتِ الْكُرَةُ.

The ball has been rolled over.

 

  • Quick Links
  • Arabic Tuition
    Madinah Arabic Tuition Center
    Arabic Tuition over Skype from www.madinaharabic.net. Learn Modern Standard Arabic, Business Arabic, Classical–Qu’ranic and Tajweed. Get A Free Trial!
    Please note that www.madinaharabic.com continues to be a free resource and the new Tuition Centre is for those seeking 1-to-1 tuition over Skype with one of our qualified native Arabic tutors.
  • Learn Arabic Alphabet
    This video teaches you how each Arabic letter is written and pronounced along with an illustration of a word using that letter and guides on pronunciation.
  • MadinahArabic iPhone App
    iMadinahArabic for iPhone app is the iPhone version of the lessons located at MadinahArabic website.
    MadinahArabic iPhone App
  • Madinaharabic Translation Center