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Lesson 90 – الدَّرْسُ التِّسْعُونَ

Introduction to Morphology - مُقَدِّمةٌ لِعِلْمِ الصَّرْفِ

Verb confirmationتَوْكِيدُ الْفِعْلِ

  • We have learnt the confirmation of the Arabic verb from grammatical aspect in lesson 81, but now, we study it from morphological aspect.
  • We will study the usage of (ن Nuun), the letter of confirmation, which comes after the present verb preceded by the confirmative (ل Laam).
  • Please, consider the following examples:

Examples

Morphologic analysis

Arabic sentences

English translation

Verb with Nuun

Pattern

Verb without Nuun

لَتَشْرَبَنَّ الماءَ أوْ تَمُوتَ

Indeed, you drink water, otherwise you will die.

تَشْرَبَنَّ

تَفْعَلَنَّ

تَشْرَبُ

إذا جاءنِي صَدِيقي لأُكْرِمَنَّهُ

If my friend comes, verily I will be generous with him.

أُكْرِمَنَّهُ

أُفْعِلَنَّهُ

أُكْرِمْهُ

لأُعْطَيَنَّكُما جَائِزَةً بَعْدَ النَّجَاحِ

Indeed, I will give you a prize after success.

أُعْطِيَنَّكُما

أُفْعِلَنَّكُما

أُعْطِيكُما

لأُساعِدَنَّكُم جَمِيعًا يا إخْوانِي

Indeed, I will help all of you, my bothers.

أُسَاعِدَنَّكُم

أُفاعِلَنَّكُم

أُساعِدُكُم

 

 

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