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Lesson 90 – الدَّرْسُ التِّسْعُونَ

Introduction to Morphology - مُقَدِّمةٌ لِعِلْمِ الصَّرْفِ

Verb conjugation تَصْرِيفُ الْفِعْل

  • Morphology also studies how to conjugate verbs with different persons (first person (the speaker المتكلم), second person (the addressee المخاطب), and third person (the absent الغائب). It also studies how to add the prefixes and suffixes of the feminine, dual, and plural conjugations of verb.
  • Consider the following examples:

Example

Morphological analysis

Arabic

English

Gender

Number

حَضَرَ الطَّالِبُ وغابَ المُعَلِّمُ.

The student attended and the teacher was absent.

Masculine

Singular

حَضَرَتِ الطَّالِبَةُ وغَابَتِ المُعَلِّمَةُ.

The female student attended and the female teacher was absent.

Feminine

Singular

الطَّالِبانِ حَضَرا.

The two students attended.

Masculine

Dual

الطَّالِبتانِ حَضَرَتا.

The two female students attended.

Feminine

Dual

الطُّلابُ يَحْضُرُونَ دائِمًا.

Students always attend.

Masculine

Plural

الطَّالباتُ حَضَرْنَ أَمْسِ.

The female students attend yesterday.

Feminine

Plural

 

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