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Lesson 79 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والسَّبْعونَ التَّــوَابِع (٢) العَطْفُ وَحُروفُهُ

The conjunctive (wa) – حَرْفُ الْعَـطْـفِ الْـوَاو

·         (Wa) is the most commonly used conjunctive. It means that the preceding and the following nouns share the same meaning related to the first noun. Consider the following examples:



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The commandant and his soldiers went to the battle

خَرَجَ الْقائِدُ وَجُنُودُهُ إلى الْمَعْرَكَةِ lesson image

The doctor examined the nose and the ear

فَحَصَ الطَّبِيبُ الأَنْفَ والأُذُنَ lesson image

The student and the teacher were absent

غابَ الطَّالِبُ وَالأُسْتَاذُ

  • In the first example the commandant and the soldiers make the same action (going to the battle). In the second example the nose and the ear are both examined by the doctor. In the third example, the student and the teacher share the verb (to be absent).
  • When writing in Arabic, please do not make a gap (space) after the (wāw). I.e. the (wāw) has to be attached directly to its following word, while it is supposed to make a space before the (wāw) separating it from the preceding word.
  • (Wa) is the only particle which can be used with the verbs which have mutual meaning (i.e. between each other), as in the following examples:



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Khalid and Qassim quarreled

تَخاصَمَ خَالِدٌ وقَاسِمٌ lesson image

The students and the teachers will race

سَيَتَسابَقُ الطُّلابُ والْمُدَرِّسُونَ lesson image

The government made peace with the public

تَصَالَحَتِ الْحُكُومَةُ مَعَ شَعْبِهَا