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Lesson 79 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والسَّبْعونَ

The followers(2) The adjective - التَّــوَابِع(٢)العَطْفُ وَحُروفُهُ

Coordinating conjunctives – حُـرُوف الْعَـطْـفِ

  • Not all the conjunctive particles in Arabic are coordinative particles. The coordinating particles are those particle which relates the following words to the preceding ones, making the following noun in the same declension case of the preceding noun.
  • In Arabic there are seven coordinating particles as follows:

Particle

وَ

فَ

ثُمَّ

أَوْ

Meaning

And

Then

Afterwards

Or

Particle

بَلْ

لَكِنْ

أَمْ

 

Meaning

Rather

But

Or

 

·         All these particles makes the following nouns follow the declension case of the preceding nouns. Consider the following examples:

Declension

Joined noun

English

Arabic

Nominative

عَلِيٌّ

Muhammad and Ali came

حَضَرَ مُحَمَّدٌ وَعَلِيٌّ

Accusative

الْجِيزَة

I visited Cairo and Giza

زُرْتُ الْقَاهِرَةَ وَالْجِيزَة

Genitive

الْمَغْرِبِ

I will travel to Algeria and then to Morocco

سأُسافِرُ إلى الْجَزائِرِ، ثُمَّ الْمَغْرِبِ

  • You may notice that all the coordinating particles make the same function (i.e. they make the joined noun follow the declension case of the preceding noun), but they do not have the same meaning. Therefore we will study the meaning of each one in the following parts of this lesson.

 

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