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Lesson 79 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والسَّبْعونَ

The followers(2) The adjective - التَّــوَابِع(٢)العَطْفُ وَحُروفُهُ

Practical applications of coordinating particles -  تطبيقات عملية على حروف العطف

  • In this part we will study how to make the grammatical analysis (declension إعْراب) to some Arabic sentences containing coordinating particles.
  • Following are some sentences with the full declension analysis that may help you to understand the structures of the coordination in Arabic (please read from right to left):
  • Example 1:

هَذَا طَالِبٌ بَلْ مُدَرَّسٌ

Example

This is a student, no but a teacher

English meaning

مُدَرَّسٌ

بَلْ

طَالِبٌ

هَذَا

Details

Coordinated noun

Coordinating particle

Predicate

Subject

Type

Declension

Nominative

Indeclinable

Nominative

Indeclinable (nominative)

Case

Đammah

Sukūn

Đammah

Sukūn

Sign

  • Example 2:

خُذِ الْقَلَمَ الأَحْمَرَ أَوِ الأَخْضَرَ

Example

Take the red or the green pen

English meaning

الأَخْضَرَ

أَوِ

الأَحْمَرَ

الْقَلَمَ

خُذِ

Details

Coordinated noun

Coordinating particle

Adjective

Direct object

Imperative verb

Type

Declension

Accusative

Indeclinable

Accusative

Accusative

Indeclinable

Case

Fatħah

Kasrah (virtual sukūn)

Fatħah

Fatħah

Kasrah (virtual sukūn)

Sign

  • Example 3:

لا تُصَاحِبِ البُخَلاَءَ لَكِنِ الْكُرَمَاء

Example

Do not be a friend of the stingy people, but the generous

English meaning

الْكُرَمَاء

لَكِنِ

البُخَلاَءَ

 

تُصَاحِبِ

لا

Details

Coordinated noun

Coordinating particle

Direct object

Latent doer

Present verb

Interdiction particle

Type

Declension

Accusative

Indeclinable

Accusative

Latent

Indeclinable

Indeclinable

Case

Fatħah

Kasrah (virtual sukūn)

Fatħah

 

Kasrah (virtual sukūn)

Sukūn

Sign

  • Example 4:

أَأَنْتَ طالِبٌ أَوْ أُسْتاذٌ؟

Example

Are you a student or a teacher

English meaning

أُسْتاذٌ

أَوْ

طالِبٌ

أَنْتَ

أَ

Details

Coordinated noun

Coordinating particle

Predicate

Subject

Questioning particle

Type

Declension

Nominative

Indeclinable

Nominative

Indeclinable

Indeclinable

Case

Đammah

Sukūn

Đammah

Fatħah

Fatħah

Sign

  • Example 5:

بالفِكْرِ وَالْعَمَلِ تَتَقَدَّمُ الأُمَمُ

Example

Nations develop by thinking and work

English meaning

الأُمَمُ

تَتَقَدَّمُ

الْعَمَلِ

وَ

الْفِكْرِ

بِ

Details

Doer

Present verb

Coordinated noun

Coordinating particle

Genitive noun

Preposition

Type

Declension

Nominative

Indicative

Genitive

Indeclinable

Genitive

Indeclinable

Case

Đammah

Đammah

Kasrah

Fatħah

Kasrah

Kasrah

Sign

 

 

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