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Lesson 79 – الدَّرْسُ التَّاسِعُ والسَّبْعونَ التَّــوَابِع (٢) العَطْفُ وَحُروفُهُ

Introduction - مُقَدِّمَةٌ

  • In the previous lesson we learnt the adjective. We knew that the adjective is one of the Arabic followers (i.e. the nouns, or the phrases which follows the preceding noun in many things, especially the grammatical case).
  • In this lesson we continue studying the followers. We will cover the second type of the four Arabic followers, which is the coupled (joined) noun (الاسم المعطوف), i.e. the noun which falls after a coordination conjunctive.
  • We learnt in the previous lesson that the adjective follows the described noun in the gender, number, definition and grammatical case.
  • In this lesson we will learn that the joined noun follows the preceding noun in the grammatical case only.  We will also learn that the joined noun does not fall directly after the preceding noun, rather it has to fall after one of those particles called (حروف العَطْف the coordinating conjunctives).
  • We will also learn what are the coordinating particle, and their meanings, In-Shaa’-Allaah (God willing). We will study the difference between (فَـ) and (ثُمَّ), which seem to be very similar, while they are different in the correct usage. We will also study the difference between (أوْ) and (أمْ), to avoid the common mistakes in using them.
  • We will also study how to make the grammatical analysis (declension إعْراب) to some Arabic sentences containing coordinating particle.