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Lesson 65 – الدَّرْسُ الْخَامِسُ والسِّتُّونَ

The pro agent - نَـائِــب الفَاعِــل

Types of the pro agent – أَنْوَاع نائب الفاعل

  • In the previous lesson we studied the types of the doer. We understood that the doer can be one of the types shown in the following examples (for revision purpose): (please read from right to left).


The type of the doer

The doer




Arabic lesson image

Explicit noun


The sky (it) rained

أَمْطَرَتِ السَماءُ

/amŧarat as samā’u/

1 lesson image


The house fell down because of the earthquake

سَقَطَ البَيْتُ مِن الهِزَّةِ

/saqaŧa al baytu min al hizzati/

2 lesson image

Attached pronoun


واو الجماعة

Do you like football?

هَلْ تُحِبُّونَ كُرَةَ القَدَمِ؟

/hal tuħibbūna kurata al qadami/

3 lesson image

تاء الفاعل

Did you travel to Egypt?

هَلْ سافَرْتَ إلَى مِصْرَ ؟

/hal sāfarta ilā miŝra/

4 lesson image

Latent pronoun



Said visited Egypt a year ago.

سَعِيدٌ زَارَ مِصْرَ قَبْلَ عامٍ

/saξīdun zāra miŝra qabla ξāmin/

5 lesson image


Saida wrote her homework

سَعِيدَةُ كَتَبَتْ وَاجِبَها

/saξīdatu katabat wāĵibahā/

6 lesson image

Explicit original noun


Your win of the prize pleases me (I’m happy that you won the prize)

يُسْعِدُنِي فَوْزُكَ بالجائِزَةِ

/yusξidunī fawzuka bil ĵā’izati/

7 lesson image

Implicit noun

أَنْ أَرَاكَ

Seeing you (to see you) frustrated makes me sad

يَحْزُنُنِي أَنْ أَرَاكَ يائِسًا


  • The types of the pro agent are the same as the types of the agent which are in the above mentioned table.
  • The following table shows the types of the pro agent with examples:


The pro agent


Type of the pro agent


Arabic lesson image


The bottle was filled with water

مُلِئَتِ الزُّجَاجَةُ مَاءً

/muliξat az zuĵāĵatu mā’an/

Explicit noun lesson image


The film will be shown this week

سَيُعْرَضُ الفِيلْمُ هَذَا الأُسْبُوعَ

/sayuξrađu al filmu hādhā al usbūξi/ lesson image


I was asked a difficult question

سُئِلْتُ سُؤَالاً صَعْبًا

/su’iltu su’ālan ŝaξban/

Attached pronoun lesson image


Indeed, we were extremely oppressed

لَقَدْ ظُلِمْنَا ظُلْمًا شَدِيدًا

/laqad dhulimnā dhulman shadīdan/ lesson image


The bottle was broken yesterday

الزُّجاجَةُ كُسِرَتْ أَمْسِ

/az zuĵāĵatu kusirat amsi/

Latent pronoun lesson image


The boy was obliged to travel

الوَلَدُ أُكْرِهَ على السَّفَرِ

/al waladu ukriha ξala as safari/ lesson image


The memorization of the text is hoped

يُرْجى حفظُ النَّصِ

Yurĵā ħifdhu an naŝŝi/

Explicit original noun lesson image

أنْ تَحْفَظَ = الحِفْظ

To memorize the text is preferred

يُفَضَّلُ أنْ تَحْفَظَ النَّص

/yfađđalu an taħfadha an naŝŝa/

Implicit original noun

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