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Madinah Arabic Learn Arabic Online
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Lesson 54 – الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

Sound Feminine Plural -  جَمْعُ المُؤَنَّث السَّالِم

Declensions of the sound feminine pluralإِعْرابُ جَمْعِ المُؤَنَّثِ السَّالِمِ

·         In this part, we will discuss the declensions (the cases of iξrâb) of the sound feminine plural. When we speak about cases of iξrâb, we usually speak about the sentence as a whole, not a single word.

·         In the previous parts, we studied the structure of the sound feminine plural and the types of words that can be turned into sound feminine plural. Now we will study the cases of iξrâb of the sound feminine plural.

·         As we learnt, the Arabic verbal sentence is made up of: Verb + subject/doer + object Example: "أَصْلَح المُهَنْدِسُ السَّيَّارَةَ"    /aŝlaħa al-muhandisu as-sayyāra-ta/ Translation: The engineer repaired the car.

·         We learnt that the doer of the verbal sentence is in the nominative (raf`) case as in the word (المُهَنْدِسُ); and the object is in the accusative (nasb) case as in the word  (السَّيَّارَةَ) on the condition that the doer and object be singular nouns.

·         Now we will study the cases of iξrâb when the word is a sound feminine plural, not a singular noun. Study the following examples and note the various vowel signs on the (ت) in the sound plural nouns:

Translation

Example

Case of iξrâb

The righteous women are devoutly obedient

"فالصَّالِحاتُ قَانِتاتٌ حَافِظاتٌ لِلْغَيْب "

/faŝ - ŝâliħātu qânitātun ħāfiđhâtun lil-ghaybi/

Case of raf` (nominative)

Doer

The female students and teachers attended the meeting.

حضرتِ الطَّالِباتُ وَالمُدَرِّسَاتُ الاجْتِماعَ

/ħađarat iŧ-ŧâlibātu wal-mudarrisātu al-iĵtimāξa/

The female doctor gave the nurses precious pieces of advice.

نَصَحَتِ الطَّبِيبَةُ المُمَرِّضاتِ نَصائِحَ غَالِيَةً .

/naŝaħat iŧ - ŧabībatu al-mumarriđâti naŝâ’iħa ghâliyatan/

Case of naŝb (accusative)

Object

The state granted the winning female players big rewards.

منحتِ الدَّوْلَةُ اللاعباتِ الفائِزَاتِ مُكافَآتٍ كَبِيرَةً

/manaħat id-dawlatu al-lāξibāti al-fā’izāti mukāfa’ātin kabīratin/

There is no objection to work for foreign companies.

لا مانِعَ مِن العَمَلِ فِي الشَّرِكاتِ الأَجْنَبِيَّةِ

/la māniξa min al-ξamali fī ash-sharikāti al-aĵnabiyyati/

Case of ĵarr (genitive)

Annexed noun/possession

I do not like moving from one hospital to another.

لا أُحِبُّ الانْتِقالَ بَيْنَ المُسْتَشْفَياتِ .

/la uħibbu al-intiqâla bayna al-mustashfayāti/

·         When we study the examples above, we notice the following:
1- The nominative case: The sound
feminine plural takes the đammah case-ending in the nominative case; and the Kasrah in both the accusative and genitive cases. But it never takes fatħah.
2- The sound
feminine plural, as the case with the feminine singular words, takes the đammah case-ending in the nominative case, such as: " الصًّالِحاتُ ، قَانِتاتٌ ، حَافِظاتٌ ، الطَّالِباتُ ، وَالمُدَرِّسَاتُ "
3- The sound
feminine plural, as the case with the feminine singular words, takes the Kasrah, not the fatħah, case-ending in the accusative case, such as " المُمَرِّضاتِ ، اللاعباتِ ، الفائِزَاتِ ، مُكافَآتٍ" - All these words are in the accusative case because they are objects. This case is peculiar to the sound feminine plural.
- The sound feminine plural, as the case with the feminine singular words, take the Kasrah case-ending in the genitive case, such as " فِي الشَّرِكاتِ ، بَيْنَ المُسْتَشْفَياتِ "