Lesson 54 – الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ

Sound Feminine Plural -  جَمْعُ المُؤَنَّث السَّالِم

Declensions of the sound feminine plural – إِعْرابُ جَمْعِ المُؤَنَّثِ السَّالِمِ

  • We are still in lesson fifty four of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • We learnt that the doer of the verbal sentence is in the nominative (raf`) case as in the word (المُهَنْدِسُ); and the object is in the accusative (nasb) case as in the word  (السَّيَّارَةَ) on the condition that the doer and object be singular nouns.
  • Now we will study the cases of iξrâb when the word is a sound feminine plural, not a singular noun. Study the following examples and note the various vowel signs on the (ت) in the sound plural nouns:

Translation

Example

Case of iξrâb

The righteous women are devoutly obedient

"فالصَّالِحاتُ قَانِتاتٌ حَافِظاتٌ لِلْغَيْب "

/faŝ - ŝâliħātu qânitātun ħāfiđhâtun lil-ghaybi/

Case of raf` (nominative)

Doer

The female students and teachers attended the meeting.

حضرتِ الطَّالِباتُ وَالمُدَرِّسَاتُ الاجْتِماعَ

/ħađarat iŧ-ŧâlibātu wal-mudarrisātu al-iĵtimāξa/

The female doctor gave the nurses precious pieces of advice.

نَصَحَتِ الطَّبِيبَةُ المُمَرِّضاتِ نَصائِحَ غَالِيَةً .

/naŝat iŧ - ŧabībatu al-mumarriđâti naŝâ’iħa ghâliyatan/

Case of naŝb (accusative)

Object

The state granted the winning female players big rewards.

منحتِ الدَّوْلَةُ اللاعباتِ الفائِزَاتِ مُكافَآتٍ كَبِيرَةً

/manaħat id-dawlatu al-lāξibāti al-fā’izāti mukāfa’ātin kabīratin/

There is no objection to work for foreign companies.

لا مانِعَ مِن العَمَلِ فِي الشَّرِكاتِ الأَجْنَبِيَّةِ

/la māniξa min al-ξamali fī ash-sharikāti al-aĵnabiyyati/

Case of ĵarr (genitive)

Annexed noun/possession

I do not like moving from one hospital to another.

لا أُحِبُّ الانْتِقالَ بَيْنَ المُسْتَشْفَياتِ .

/la uħibbu al-intiqâla bayna al-mustashfayāti/

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