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Lesson 53 – الدَّرْسُ الثَّالِثُ وَالْخَمْسُونَ  الاسـْمُ المَقْصُورُ

  • Note: there are some Maqŝūr nouns written with a long alif ى (called alif maqŝūrah), which is similar to the long yā' ي but some others are written with a long alif ا (both are the same in pronunciation). Study the following examples:

Pictures

Translation

Sentence

Maqŝūr nouns

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Mohamed is a strong boy

مُحَمَّدٌ فَتَىً قَوِيٌّ

فَتَى

/fatā/

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Allah created everything from a male and a female

خَلَقَ اللَّهُ كُلَّ شَيْءِ مِنْ زَوْجَيْنِ ذَكَرٍ وَأُنْثَى

أُنْثَى

/unthā/

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Pregnant woman needs constant rest

الْمَرْأَةُ الحُبْلَى تَحْتَاجُ إلَى الرَّاحَةِ الْمُسْتَمِرَّةِ

حُبْلَى

/ћublā/

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This is the building of the British embassy in Pakistan

هَذَا هُوَ مَبْنَى السِّفارَةِ البِرِيطانِيَّةِ في بَاكِسْتان

مَبْنَى

/mabnā/

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The patient was admitted to the hospital

ذَهَبَ المَرِيضُ إلَى المُسْتَشْفَى

مُسْتَشْفَى

/mustashfā/

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The cow eats at the pasture

البَقَرَةُ تأكُلُ في المَرْعَى

مَرْعَى

/marξā/

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Home is the family's shelter

البَيْتُ هُوَ مَأْوَى الأُسْرَةِ

مَأْوَى

/ma'wā/

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The judge examined the lawsuit

نَظَرَ القاضِي فِي الدَعْوَى

دَعْوَى

/daξwā/

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I live in a house at the outskirts of the city

أَسْكُنُ فِي بَيْتٍ أَقْصَى المَدينَةِ

أَقْصَى

/aqŝā/

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My salary is lower than yours

رَاتِبِي أَدْنَى مِنْ رَاتِبِكَ

أَدْنَى

/adnā/

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President of the republic is the highest post in the country

وَظِيفَةُ الرَّئِيسِ هِي أَعْلَى وَظِيفَةٍ فِي الدَّوْلَةِ

أَعْلَى

/aξlā/

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Higher temperature is thirty

دَرَجَةُ الحَرَارَةِ الكُبْرَى ثَلاثُون

كُبْرَى

/kubrā/

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Lower temperature is twenty

و دَرَجَةُ الحَرَارَةِ الصُّغْرَى عِشْرُون

صُغْرَى

/ŝughrā/