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Lesson 16 - الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسَ عَشَرَ

Continued

  • In this section, we will learn the plural form of two more pronouns In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). We have already learnt the plural form of some of the personal and possessive pronouns in (Lesson 14 section 4) and (Lesson 15 section 2):

Example

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular/

Plural (Arabic)

Feminine (Arabic)

Grammatical Term

أَنْتِ ذَهَبْتِ

You went

You (Singular)

Anti

أَنْتِ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

الضَّمِيرُ الْمُنْفَصِلُ
(Detached Pronoun - e.g. You are Tall)

أَنْتُنَّ ذَهَبْتُنَّ

You (all) went

You (Plural)

Antunna

أَنْتُنَّ

الْجَمْعُ

أُمُّكِ

Your mother

Your (Singular)

Ki

كِ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الضَّمِيرُ الْمُتَّصِلُ
(Attached Possessive Pronoun - e.g. Your House)

أُمُّكُنَّ

Your (all of your) mother

Your (Plural)

Kunna

كُنَّ

الْجَمْعُ

  • If we use  أَنْتِ for a singular pronoun then we use أَنْتُنَّ for the plural pronouns.
  • The same rule is applied for the possessive pronoun i.e., if we say كِتَابُكِ (Your book) for the singular feminine pronoun, we will then say كِتَابُكُنَّ (Your (i.e. all of your) book) for the plural pronouns.
  • It must however be remembered that the personal pronouns are indeclinable i.e., they do not change their vowel ending with the change of case. So أَنْتُنَّwill have the same /shaddah/ with a /fatħah/ on it on the last letter whether it is appearing in the nominative case, accusative case or genitive case.
  • Let’s take some more examples for a better understanding of the rule: 

Translation

Transliteration

Arabic

Pronoun

Who are you?

(feminine - singular)

I am a student

Man Anti?

Anā ŧâlibatun

مَنْ أَنْتِ؟

أَنَا طَالِبَةٌ.

أَنْتِ

Where are you from? (feminine - plural)

We are from China

Min Aina Antunna?

Naħnu Minaŝ ŝīn

مِنْ أَيْنَ أَنْتُنَّ؟

نَحْنُ مِنَ الصِّينِ.

أَنْتُنَّ

Where is your bag?

My bag is in my room

Aina haqībatuki?

Haqībatī fī ghurfatī

أَيْنَ حَقِيبَتُكِ؟

حَقِيبَتِي فِي غُرْفَتِي.

كِ

What is your religion?

Our religion is Islam

Ma dīnukunna?

Dīnunā al Islāmu

مَا دِينُكُنَّ؟

دِينُنَا الإِسْلامُ.

كُنَّ

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