Lesson 16 - الدَّرْسُ السَّادِسَ عَشَرَ

Continued

  • We are still in lesson sixteen of our free Arabic language course. This Arabic course with images and audios will help you learn Arabic.
  • In this part of the lesson, we will learn the conversion of a singular verb to the plural verb In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). We have already covered that in Arabic different letters are added at the end of the original verb and sometimes even the vowel ending is changed. In this part we will only learn to change a singular verb for "you" to the plural verb.
  • For the past tense of a (feminine) verb i.e., الْفِعْلُ الْمَاضِي the following rules are applied

English

الْفِعْلُ الْمَاضِي

You (singular) went

أَنْتِ ذَهَبْتِ.

الْمُفْرَدُ

Singular

You (all) went

أَنْتُنَّ ذَهَبْتُنَّ.

الْجَمْعُ

Plural

  • When a singular (feminine) verb is changed to a plural the vowel ending /kasrah/ is replaced with a /đammah/ on the letter تِ and a letter noon with a /shaddah/ and /fatħah/ on it is added as the last letter so ذَهَبْتِ will be changed to ذَهَبْتُنَّ.

English

Arabic Sentence

Gender of Verb

You (singular) went from the school

أَنْتِ ذَهَبْتِ مِنَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ.

الْمُفْرَدُ

You (all) went from the school

أَنْتُنَّ ذَهَبْتُنَّ مِنَ الْمَدْرَسَةِ.

الْجَمْعُ

You went out of the room

خَرَجْتِ مِنَ الْغُرْفَةِ.

الْمُفْرَدُ

You (all) went out of the room

خَرَجْتُنَّ مِنَ الْغُرْفَةِ.

الْجَمْعُ

Oh girl! You sat on a chair

يَا بِنْتُ، جَلَسْتِ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ.

الْمُفْرَدُ

Oh girls! You (all) sat on a chair

يَا بَنَاتُ، جَلَسْتُنَّ عَلَى كُرْسِيٍّ.

الْجَمْعُ

Subscribe
From time to time we would like to contact you with updates for new Arabic lessons, videos, articles, quizzes from madinaharabic.com or other offers and updates from our madinaharabic.net Arabic Tuition Center. Please use the form below to subscribe to these updates. You wouldn't be subscribed until you confirm your subscription first by clicking a button in the subscription email we will send you.