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Lesson 14 - الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ

Continued

  • In this section we will learn the plural form of two of the personal and two possessive pronouns In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing):

Example

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular / Plural (Arabic)

Masculine / Feminine (Arabic)

هُوَ طَوِيلٌ

(He is tall)

He

/Huwa/

هُوَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

هُمْ طِوَالٌ

(They are tall)

They

/Hum/

هُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

بَيْتُهُ

(His house)

His

/Hu/

ـهُ

الْمُفْرَدُ

بَيْتُهُمْ

(Their house)

Their

/Hum/

ـهُمْ

الْجَمْعُ

هِيَ مَرِيضَةٌ

(She is ill)

She

/Hiya/

هِيَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

هُنَّ مَرِيضَاتٌ

(They are ill)

They

/Hunna/

هُنَّ

الْجَمْعُ

كِتَابُهَا

(Her book)

Her

/Ha/

ـهَا

الْمُفْرَدُ

كِتَابُـهُنَّ

(Their book)

Their

/Hunna/

هُنَّ

الْجَمْعُ

  • The plural of both the masculine and the feminine personal as well as possessive pronouns are used to refer only to human beings, e.g.:

هُوَ مُدَرِّسٌ ====== هُمْ مُدَرِّسُونَ

They are teachers========== He is a teacher

ذَلِكَ طَالِبٌ هُوَ مِن أَمْرِيكَا ====== أُولَئِكَ طُلابٌ هُمْ مِن أَمْرِيكَا

Those are students they are from America == That is a student, he is from America

هِيَ مُدَرِّسَةٌ ====== هُنَّ مُدَرِّسَاتٌ

They are lady teachers ========== She is a lady teacher

تِلْكَ تِلْمِيْذَةٌ، هِيَ مُجْتَهِدَةٌ ====== أُوْلَئِكَ تِلْمِيذَاتٌ، هُنَّ مُجْتَهِدَاتٌ

Those are students, they are hard working=== That is a student, she is hard working

  • Let’s take some more examples for better understanding of the rule: 

Picture

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: He is a Muslim

Plural: They are Muslims

الْمُفْرَدُ: هُوَ مُسْلِمٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هُمْ مُسْلِمُونَ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: I have an elder brother, he is in the university

Plural: I have elder brothers, they are in the university

الْمُفْرَدُ: لِي أَخٌّ كَبِيرٌ، هُوَ فِي الْجَامِعَةِ.

الْجَمْعُ: لِي إِخْوَةٌ كِبَارٌ، هُمْ فِي الْجَامِعَةِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: His father is a doctor

Plural: Their father is a doctor.

الْمُفْرَدُ: أَبُوهُ طَبِيبٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: أَبُوهُمْ طَبِيبٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: She is fasting

Plural: They are fasting

الْمُفْرَدُ: هِيَ صَائِمَةٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: هُنَّ صَائِمَاتٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: She is a student, her house is near the mosque

Plural: They are students, their house is near the mosque

الْمُفْرَدُ: هِيَ طَالِبَةٌ، بَيْتُهَا عِنْدَ الْمَسْجِدِ.

الْجَمْعُ: هُنَّ طَالِبَاتٌ، بَيْتُهُنَّ عِنْدَ الْمَسْجِدِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: Her book is in the bag

Plural: Their books are in the bag

الْمُفْرَدُ: كِتَابُهَا فِي الْحَقِيبَةِ.

الْجَمْعُ: كِتَابُهُنَّ فِي الْحَقِيبَةِ.

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