Lesson 14 - الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ

Continued         

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  • In this part of lesson we will learn the use of Arabic verbs with some more pronouns In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). We have already learnt the use of verbs with the Arabic pronouns in ( Lesson No. 10 section 7 ).

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular / Plural (Arabic)

Masculine / Feminine (Arabic)

He went

/Dhahaba/

ذَهَبَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

They went
(masc. plural)

/Dhahabu/

ذَهَبُوا

الْجَمْعُ

She went

/Dhahabat/

ذَهَبَتْ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

They went (fem. plural)

/Dhahabna/

ذَهَبْنَ

الْجَمْعُ

 

English

New form of verb

Pronoun

Simple Verb

He went

ذَهَبَ

He

هُوَ

ذَهَبَ

They went

ذَهَبُوا

They (masculine)

هُمْ

She went

ذَهَبَتْ

She

هِيَ

They went

ذَهَبْنَ

They (feminine)

هُنَّ

  • Let’s take some more examples for a better understanding of the rule: 

Picture

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: He went to the teacher

Plural: They went to the teacher

الْمُفْرَدُ: هُوَ ذَهَبَ عِنْدَ الْمُدَرِّسِ.

الْجَمْعُ: هُمْ ذَهَبُوْا عِنْدَ الْمُدَرِّسِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: The student went out with his colleague

Plural: The students went out with their colleagues

الْمُفْرَدُ: الطَّالِبُ خَرَجَ مَعَ زَمِيلِهِ.

الْجَمْعُ: الطُّلابُ خَرَجُوا مَعَ زُمَلائهِمْ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: The boy sat in the restaurant

Plural: The boys sat in the restaurant

الْمُفْرَدُ: الْوَلَدُ جَلَسَ فِي الْمَطْعَمِ.

الْجَمْعُ: الأَوْلادُ جَلَسُوْا فِي الْمَطْعَمِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: She stood near the door

Plural: They stood near the door

الْمُفْرَدُ: هِيَ وَقَفَتْ عِنْدَ الْبَابِ.

الْجَمْعُ: هُنَّ وَقَفْنَ عِنْدَ الْبَابِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: She wrote on the black board

Plural: They wrote on the black board

الْمُفْرَدُ: هِيَ كَتَبَتْ عَلَى السَّبُّورَةِ.

الْجَمْعُ: هُنَّ كَتَبْنَ عَلَى السَّبُّورَةِ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: Tahir's daughter sat in the car

Plural: Tahir's daughters sat in the car

الْمُفْرَدُ: بِنْتُ طَاهِرٍ جَلَسَتْ فِي السَّيَّارَةِ.

الْجَمْعُ: بَنَاتُ طَاهِرٍ جَلَسْنَ فِي السَّيَّارَةِ.

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