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Lesson 14 - الدَّرْسُ الرَّابِعَ عَشَرَ

Continued

·         In this part of the lesson we will learn the plural form of "That" In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing) - the demonstrative pronoun for the distant objects. In the previous lessons we have already learnt the following demonstrative pronouns:

o   Lesson No. 2 section 1 states that ذَلِكَ  ("That") is the demonstrative pronoun used to refer to objects that are further away for masculine nouns

o   Lesson No. 7 section 2 states that تِلْكَ ("That") is the demonstrative pronoun used to refer to objects that are further away for feminine nouns.

  • The plural form of these demonstrative pronouns (i.e. "those") is the same for the masculine and feminine nouns i.e.:

English

Transliteration

Arabic

Singular / Plural (Arabic)

Masculine / Feminine (Arabic)

Grammatical Term

That (masculine)

/Dhālika/

ذَلِكَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُذَكَّرُ

أَسْمَاءُ الإِشَارَةِ الْبَعِيدَةِ

Those

/ulā’ika/

أُولَـٰئِكَ

الْجَمْعُ

That (feminine)

/Tilka/

تِلْكَ

الْمُفْرَدُ

الْمُؤَنَّثُ

Those

/ulā’ika/

أُولَـٰئِكَ

الْجَمْعُ

  • The plural form of the demonstrative pronoun for the distant objects is أُولَـٰئِكَ as above. It is an indeclinable word and always takes a /fatħah/ on the last letter. It must however be remembered that أُولـٰئِكَ is used only for human beings and not for non human beings.
  • Let’s use some examples for a better understanding of the rule:

Picture

English

Arabic

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: That is a father

Plural: Those are fathers

الْمُفْرَدُ: ذَلِكَ أَبٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: أُولَـٰئِكَ آبَاءٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: That is a mother

Plural: Those are mothers

الْمُفْرَدُ: تِلْكَ أُمٌّ.

الْجَمْعُ: أُولَـٰئِكَ أُمَّهَاتٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: Who is that man?

Plural: Who are those men?

الْمُفْرَدُ: مَنْ ذَلِكَ الرَّجُلُ؟

الْجَمْعُ: مَنْ أُولَـٰئِكَ الرِّجَالُ؟

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: Where is that girl?

Plural: Where are those girls?

الْمُفْرَدُ: أَيْنَ تِلْكَ الْبِنْتُ؟

الْجَمْعُ: أَيْنَ أُولَـٰئِكَ الْبَنَاتُ؟

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: That is a pilgrim

Plural: Those are pilgrims

الْمُفْرَدُ: ذَلِكَ حَاجٌّ.

الْجَمْعُ: أُولَـٰئِكَ حُجَّاجٌ.

Madinaharabic.com lesson image

Singular: That is a nurse

Plural: Those are nurses

الْمُفْرَدُ: تِلْكَ مُمَرِّضَةٌ.

الْجَمْعُ: أُولَـٰئِكَ مُمَرِّضَاتٌ.