Lesson 10 -الدَّرْسُ الْعَاشِرُ

Continued

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  • In this lesson we will learn about the vowel ending of the Arabic masculine nouns resembling the feminine nouns In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). We have learned that the Arabic feminine nouns have no tanwīn on their last letter e.g.: آمِنَةُ، فَاطِمَةُ، عَائِشَةُ etc. Similarly there are certain Arabic masculine proper nouns that have ة (tā’ marbūŧah) as their last letter - therefore they also do not have tanwīn on their last letter, e.g.: حَمْزَةُ، مُعَاوِيَةُ، حَنْظَلَةُ etc.
  •  Let’s take some examples to better understand the rule:

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English

Arabic

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Fatima's husband is Mu'awiya.

زَوْجُ فاطِمَةَ مُعَاوِيَةُ.

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Khalid went out with Talha.

خَرَجَ خَالِدٌ مَعَ طَلْحَةَ.

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Your (feminine) car is with Usama.

سَيَّارَتُكِ مَعَ أُسَامَةَ.

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I went to Hamza.

ذَهَبْتُ إِلَىٰ حَمْزَةَ.

·      In this lesson we will also learn the use of "مَا" as a negative particle In-Shā’-Allâh (God-Willing). We have learned the use of "مَا" as an interrogative (questioning) article in (Lesson No. 1 section 3).

Picture

English

Arabic

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Do you have a pen?

No, I do not have a pen.

أَمَعَكَ قَلَمٌ؟

لاَ، مَا مَعِي قَلَمٌ.

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Do you have a bag?

No, I do not have a bag.

أَمَعَكَ حَقِيبَةٌ؟

لاَ، مَا مَعِي حَقِيبَةٌ.

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Who is this child?

This child is the son of Mu'awiya.

مَنْ هَذَا الطِّفْلُ؟

هَذَا الطِّفْلُ ابْنُ مُعاوِيَةَ.

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Did you go to Khalid?

No, I went to Hanzala

أَذَهَبْتَ عِنْدَ خَالِدٍ؟

لاَ، ذَهَبْتُ عِنْدَ حَنْظَلَةَ.

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